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A species of legume, Arachis hypogaea, which is high in protein, energy and nutritional value, and rich in niacin, antioxidants, resveratrol and coenzyme Q10.
Peanuts are a very common cause of foreign-body aspirates, and represent about 10% of all symptomatic foreign material retrieved by endoscopy of children.
Peanut allergy is the most common cause of death from food allergy; 150/year die in the US from food allergies.

Peanuts contain oxalates that can crystallise in the form of kidney and gallstones, and should be avoided by those with kidney or gallbladder disease.
Peanuts are susceptible to mould and the frequently occurring presence of aflatoxin produced by Aspergillus flavus.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.


An oily herb of the legume family, Arachis hypogaea, whose seeds are consumed for their nutritional value and whose oil, derived from the seeds, is used in cooking.
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners

Patient discussion about peanut

Q. does being allergic to peanuts mean you can’t eat peanuts as a whole nut? Or should you avoid spreads, cookies, cornflakes etc. as well.

A. people allergic to peanuts are, most of the times, a very severely allergic people. it has an astounding reaction that can lead to death because of specks of peanuts in a cookie.

More discussions about peanut
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References in periodicals archive ?
Evaluation of the dichloromethanic partition of ethanolic extract of A. hypogaea performed in the present study showed inhibition of growth of weed, similarly to the results reported with extracts of Terminalia catappa fruits [17].
In conclusion, the results showed that aerial part, root, seed, and seed coat extracts of A. hypogaea could inhibit the germination of seeds and the growth of hypocotyls and rootlets of L.
History of Arachis including evidence of A. hypogaea L.
The line had significantly (P [less than or equal to] 0.05) fewer galls, egg masses, and eggs [g.sup.-1] root than the moderately resistant A. hypogaea lines PI 259572 and PI 259639.
Botanically, the line belongs to the A. hypogaea subspecies hypogaea var.
These accessions represented a wide range of morphologically variable cultivars from both A. hypogaea ssp.