A-V fistula

A-V fistula

Arteriovenous fistula, see there.
References in periodicals archive ?
One of our specific goals has been a concerted effort to increase the construction of an A-V fistula in preference to a graft, whenever suitable vessels could be found.
RESULTS: During the two-year study, 130 patients underwent A-V fistula formation.
An alternative strategy would be to construct preferentially forearm A-V grafts or an upper arm A-V fistula.
Causes of chronic kidney disease in patients who underwent A-V Fistula surgery (n=110) Causes of Chronic kidney disease Frequency Percentage Diabetes Mellitus 45 41% Hypertension 32 29% Both DM & hypertension 16 14.
The most effective way to reduce the need for repeated dialysis access procedures is to place native A-V fistulas as often and as soon as possible.
34) Clearly, a more aggressive approach to the creation of A-V fistulas may result in an increased number of failures in patients with marginal vascular anatomy.
Acceptable choice when an A-V fistula is not possible or viable is AV graft of synthetic or biological material.
Vessel mapping is also indicated when a vascular access failure or impending failure occurs to determine if the patient is a candidate for an A-V fistula.
The purpose of this article is to describe the formation and assessment of a pseudoaneurysm versus an A-V fistula, discuss the nurse's role in recognizing femoral pseudoaneurysms, and to describe a new treatment option called ultrasound-guided compression and the recommended nursing care.
Assessment should include differentiation of a psuedoaneurysm from an A-V fistula (see Table 1).
Ultrasound will also be able to identify the presence of an A-V fistula.
Table 1 International Comparison of Vascular Access Placement Country A-V Fistula A-V Graft Incident Prevalent Incident Prevalent United States 15% 24% 23% 58% United Kingdom 48% 67% 2% 9% Spain 69% 82% 5% 12% Italy 60% 90% 0% 4% Germany 83% 84% 1% 12% France 62% 77% 2% 15% Country Catheter Incident Prevalent United States 61% 17% United Kingdom 50% 22% Spain 26% 7% Italy 39% 5% Germany 15% 4% France 35% 6% Note: From Pisoni et al.