Li TT, Jia TG, Fei MR, Hu HS (2011) Time delay characteristic of industrial wireless networks based on IEEE 802.15
Culler, "Transmission of IPv6 packets over IEEE 802.15
.4 networks," Tech.
Such bulky IP protocols were initially not thought to be suitable for communication in scenarios with low power wireless links such as IEEE 802.15
First, consider the AWGN channel environment and IEEE 802.15
.3a channel model (without loss of generality, CM2 channel is studied in the simulation experiment).
A-MAC (Adaptive MAC) (Gilani M.H.S et al., 2013) is the paper designed to combine the CSMA and TDMA for IEEE 802.15
This system can be used to analyze any frame that follows the standard IEEE 802.15
.4 MAC frame format and the IEEE802.15.4 2.4 GHz direct sequence spread spectrum (DSSS) physical layer (PHY) .
In particular, IEEE 802.15
.4  has become a representative standard for low-rate wireless personal area network (LR-WPAN) communications.
Bahl, "Home networking with IEEE 802.15
. 4: A developing standard for low-rate wireless personal area networks," IEEE Communications Magazine, Vol.
The channel impulse response (CIR) is generated according to IEEE 802.15
.3a CM1 model.
From the RF penetrating test structure in the Table 4.3, the RF penetrating of device is nice when the device near to the router, because in the Household environment, the electromagnetic interference is weak, as the paper uses the high reliability of the wireless network protocol IEEE 802.15
.4E, it helps to reduce the packet loss rate.
A heterogeneous wireless network comprises of different wireless networks including IEEE 802.15
based Wireless Personal Area Network (WPAN), IEEE 802.11 based Wireless Local Area Networks (WLAN), IEEE 802.16 based Wireless Metropolitan Area Network (WMAN), different types of cellular technologies such as Global System of Mobile Communication (GSM) and Universal Mobile Telecommunication System (UMTS), Vehicular Ad hoc Network (VANET), and satellite networks.
The Wi-SUN Alliance is supporting the emerging IEEE 802.15
.4g standard for wireless communications of battery-powered equipment, and its supported MAC layer protocol, as a means to ensure the compatibility of low-power smart meters and remote wireless sensor networks.