Monophyllum) revelan la presencia de un gran numero de terpenos principalmente monoterpenoides tales como linalool, 4-terpineol
, [alfa]-terpineol, y trans-2-hexenol .
calamus were 4-terpineol
, 2-allyl-5-ethoxy-4-methoxyphenol, epieudesmin, lysidine, spathulenol, borneol, furylethyl ketone, nonanoic acid, 2,2,5,5tetramethyl-3-hexanol, bornyl acetate, galgravin, retusin, (9E,12E,15E)-9,12,15-octadecatrien-l-ol, butyl butanoate, geranyl acetate, sakuranin, acetic acid, camphor, isoelemicin, a-ursolic acid, acetophenone, dehydroabietic acid, isoeugenol methylether, apigenin 4',7-dimethyl ether, dehydrodiisoeugenol, linalool, elemicin, linolenic acid (Balakumbahan et al.
Additional potent odorants in cola A included methyleugenol, which is hay-like and similar to dried grass; 4-terpineol
, which is earthy, soapy and woody; (E)-cinnamaldehyde, which is cinnamon-like and sweet; and (Z)- and (E)-isoeugenol, which are clove-like and sweet.