beta-hydroxy-beta-methylglutaryl-CoA

(redirected from 3-Hydroxy-3-Methylglutaryl-CoA)
Also found in: Acronyms.

β-hy·drox·y-β-meth·yl·glu·tar·yl-CoA (HMG-CoA),

(hī-drok'sē-meth'ĭl-glū-tar'ĭl),
A key intermediate in the synthesis of ketone bodies, of steroids, and of farnesyl and geranyl derivatives.
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2010, On the inhibitor effects of bergamot juice flavonoids binding to the 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase (HMGR) enzyme.
3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA synthase: participation of invariant acidic residues in formation of the acetyl-S-enzyme reaction intermediate.
The primary goal was to inhibit the enzyme 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase (HMGR) responsible for cholesterol biosynthesis in the body.
organic acidurias such as glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase, 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA lyase, [beta]-ketothiolase, Propionyl-CoA carboxylase, Methylmalonyl-CoA mutase, and Isovaleryl-CoA dehydrogenase) (Vreken et al.
C50H is increased in 3-methylcrotonyl-CoA carboxylase deficiency, 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA lyase deficiency, and 3-methylglutaconyl-CoA hydratase deficiency, whereas 2-methyl-3-hydroxybutyrylcarnitine is increased in [beta]-ketothiolase deficiency and 2-methyl-3-hydroxybutyrl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (118).
Genes spotted multiple times on different parts of the array include 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase, glycosylate reductase, choriogenin 2, a clone that shares homology to Unknown protein (GenBank accession no.
3-Hydroxy-3-Methylglutaryl-CoA Lyase Deficiency(*)--If this disorder is untreated, it is likely to result in death during childhood.
Partial cloning, tissue distribution and effects of epigallocatechin gallate on hepatic 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase mRNA transcripts in goldfish ( Carassius auratus ).
The mRNA expressions of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) [alpha], diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT), 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA (HMG-CoA) reductase and cholesterol 7[alpha]-hydroxylase (CYP7A) in mouse hepatic tissue or cultured hepatocytes were determined by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR).
The combination of fibrates plus 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase inhibitors (statins) is an effective and generally well-tolerated treatment for high-risk patients with mixed dyslipidemias, and side effects, mainly hepatic and muscular disorders, are rare.