isopropyl alcohol

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alcohol

 [al´kah-hol]
1. any organic compound containing the hydroxy (-OH) functional group except those in which the OH group is attached to an aromatic ring, which are called phenols. Alcohols are classified as primary, secondary, or tertiary according to whether the carbon atom to which the OH group is attached is bonded to one, two, or three other carbon atoms and as monohydric, dihydric, or trihydric according to whether they contain one, two, or three OH groups; the latter two are called diols and triols, respectively.
2. an official preparation of ethanol, used as a disinfectant, solvent, and preservative, and applied topically as a rubbing compound, disinfectant, astringent, hemostatic, and coolant.
absolute alcohol dehydrated a.
benzyl alcohol a colorless liquid used as a bacteriostatic in solutions for injection and as a topical local anesthetic.
dehydrated alcohol an extremely hygroscopic, transparent, colorless, volatile liquid used as a solvent and injected into nerves and ganglia for relief of pain. Called also absolute a.
denatured alcohol ethanol made unfit for human consumption by the addition of substances known as denaturants. Although it should never be taken internally, denatured alcohol is widely used on the skin as a disinfectant.
ethyl alcohol (grain alcohol) ethanol.
isopropyl alcohol a transparent, volatile colorless liquid used as a solvent and disinfectant and applied topically as an antiseptic; called also isopropanol. Diluted with water to approximately 70 per cent strength, it is called isopropyl rubbing alcohol and is used as a rubbing compound.
methyl alcohol methanol.
pantothenyl alcohol dexpanthenol.
phenethyl alcohol (phenylethyl alcohol) a colorless liquid used as an antimicrobial agent in pharmaceuticals.
rubbing alcohol a preparation of acetone, methyl isobutyl ketone, and ethanol, used as a rubefacient.
wood alcohol methanol.

i·so·pro·pyl al·co·hol

(ī'sō-prō'pil al'kō-hōl),
An isomer of propyl alcohol and a homologue of ethyl alcohol, similar in its properties, when used externally, to the latter, but more toxic when taken internally; used as an ingredient of various cosmetics and of medicinal preparations for external use; also available as isopropyl rubbing alcohol, which contains 68 to 72% of isopropyl alcohol (by volume) in water; used as a rubefacient.

i·so·pro·pyl al·co·hol

(IPA, IA) (īsō-prōpil alkŏ-hol)
An isomer of propyl alcohol and a homologue of ethyl alcohol, similar in its properties, when used externally, to the latter, but more toxic when taken internally; used as a rubefacient.

i·so·pro·pyl al·co·hol

(īsō-prōpil alkŏ-hol)
An isomer of propyl alcohol and a homologue of ethyl alcohol, similar in its properties, when used externally, to the latter, but more toxic when taken internally; used as an ingredient in medicinal preparations for external use.
References in periodicals archive ?
In this work, the Ti[O.sub.2]/Pt/Ti[O.sub.2] sandwich nanostructures were prepared by sputtering technique and were used as sensing material for ethanol, methanol, and 2-propanol detection in the sensor response results of the Ti[O.sub.2]/Pt/Ti[O.sub.2] sandwich nanostructures to the recent researches on ethanol sensing which are mostly based on ZnO, Sn[O.sub.2], and Ti[O.sub.2] with various structures, such as nanoparticle, nanosphere, core-shell, nanotube and thin film, and various doping conditions [12-18]; it was found that the Ti[O.sub.2]/Pt/Ti[O.sub.2] sandwich nanostructures show advantages in terms of 10 ppm level sensitivity, room-temperature operation, and stability.
100 mM PMSF stock solution (MW 174.19) was prepared by weighing 0.0358 g and dissolving in 2-propanol in a final volume of 2 mL.
Two developing solvent systems were used as mobile phase: twice of 85% acetonitrile and once of 2-propanol: 1-butanol: [H.sub.2]O (12:3:4) for developing.
Los catalizadores se activaron con un flujo de 280 ml/min de una mezcla de 21% de [O.sub.2] en He a 400[grados]C durante 1 h y se estabilizaron durante 1 h con la corriente de la mezcla de oxigeno y el 2-propanol a 400[grados]C.
Compound 13 (0.0241 g, 0.054 mmol) was dissolved in 2-propanol (1 mL) and treated with PPTS (0.0272 g, 0.11 mmol).
[H.sub.2]S[O.sub.4] (Merck), 2-Propanol (Merck), [H.sub.2]Pt[Cl.sub.6]6[H.sub.2]O (Arrora Matthey Limited ) were used as supplied.
Se colocaron 10mg de harina refinada (humedad base de 140g x [kg.sup.-1]) en un tubo Eppendorf de 2ml; las muestras fueron extraidas con 1,8ml de 2-propanol al 50% (v/v) durante 30min con agitacion vigorosa en un Thermomixer (Eppendorf-Netheler, Hamburg, Alemania) a 1100rpm y 25[grados]C.
En este grupo se consideran 7 sistemas binarios: metilciclohexano con alcohol (etanol, 1-propanol, 1-butanol, 2-propanol, 2-metil-1-propanol y 3-metil-l-butanol) y ciclohexano con 2-propanol; a 298.15 K se reportan [V.sup.E.sub.M][V.sup.E.sub.M] positivos para todas las mezclas excepto para el sistema metilciclohexano + 3-metil-1-butanol [10], la ruptura de puentes de hidrogeno intermoleculares en el alcohol por metilciclohexano conduce a la desviacion positiva [11].
This study is in continuation work on dechlorination of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) with carbon supported transition metal catalysts in alkaline 2-propanol media.
The active polymerization cements were quenched by introducing a proton source such as nitrogen-sparged 2-propanol, or by treatment with terminating reagents.
Solvents such as hexane, isooctane, 2-propanol and methanol are used by some researchers [1, 4, 6, 9, 12].