2-PAM


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2-PAM

Abbreviation for 2-pralidoxime.
References in periodicals archive ?
This allows time for first responders to administer the 2-PAM antidote to a victim.
* Because of rapid AChE aging, 2-PAM chloride is ineffective in restoring enzyme activity.
He was rapidly given atropine and 2-PAM but required 10 days to recover consciousness.
Figure 4 shows that the performance against noise of the proposed modulation scheme is higher than the 2-PAM, 2-PSK and 4-QAM modulations, i.e., it requires a lesser relation [E.sub.b]/[N.sub.0] to achieve a certain value of BER.
However, for the 2-PAM, 2-PSK and 4-QAM schedules it is seen that in the proposed scheme this relation becomes d = 2.45 [square root of [E.sub.b]] (see appendix).
Cuando no se emplea codificacion de canal, no existe esquema de modulacion alguno que alcance una probabilidad de error en la deteccion inferior a Q([square root of 2[E.sub.b]/[N.sub.0]]), donde [E.sub.b]/[N.sub.0] es la relacion energia de bit a densidad espectral de potencia de ruidoy Q(*) es la funcion complementaria de distribucion acumulativa normal estandar (1) (Benvenutto & Cherubini, 2002; Forney et al, 1998; Forney, 2005; Gallager, 2006).Al considerar un canal cuyo unico efecto degradante es el ruido blanco Gaussiano aditivo[AWGN], algunas modulaciones como 2-PAM, 2-PSK y 4-QAM (o 4-PSK) logran ese valor minimo de probabilidad de error.
Tambien se muestra la curva correspondiente al esquema 4-QAM (que coincide con la curva de los esquemas 2-PAM y 2-PSK).
Furthermore, of the 10 bats that their whole body residue analysis confirmed that they contained OP residues, none showed significant recovery of brain ChE activity after incubation with 2-PAM. This raises the question whether the reactivation tests identified all the bats that were exposed to OP.
If aging occurred, incubation with 2-PAM of brains from even severely poisoned animals with significant inhibition of brain ChE will not yield enzyme reactivation.