ribosomal RNA(redirected from 16s gene)
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messenger RNA (mRNA) see ribonucleic acid.
ribosomal RNA (rRNA) see ribonucleic acid.
transfer RNA (tRNA) see ribonucleic acid.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.
the RNA of ribosomes and polyribosomes.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
n. Abbr. rRNA
The RNA that is a permanent structural part of a ribosome.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
ribosomal RNAMolecular biology Any of a family of single-stranded nucleic acids ranging from 100 to 3000 bases in length, that assemble in heteromultimeric complexes with proteins, to form ribosomes, the 'docking stations' for mRNA and nascent polypeptide strands. See Ribosome, RNA. Cf mRNA, tRNA.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
ribosomal RNA (rRNA)Ribonucleic acid that is a permanent structural feature of RIBOSOMES.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005
ribosomal RNA (rRNA)a form of RNA transcribed from DNA in the NUCLEOLI of EUKARYOTE cells or clustered ribosomal genes in PROKARYOTES, that complexes with various proteins (r proteins) to form the RIBOSOME. rRNA constitutes the major proportion of RNA in cells and occurs in a number of different types (for example, in bacterial ribosomes: 23S rRNA, 16S rRNA and 5S rRNA). In protein synthesis a sequence near the 3′-end of the 16S rRNA interacts with the SHINE-DALGARNO sequence to initiate TRANSLATION. Certain regions of rRNA have been highly conserved during evolution and comparative sequencing studies of rRNAs are used to determine evolutionary relationships between organisms and to construct PHYLOGENETIC TREES.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005