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1,4-Dioxane; a colorless liquid used as a solvent for cellulose esters and in histology as a drying agent.
Synonym(s): 1, 4-diethylene dioxide
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Dimethyl formamide (DMF) and 1,4-dioxane, which have been commonly used to solubilize and formulate nanoparticles, were employed as the block-selective solvent for the core-forming PHIS block.
Biodegradation of 1,4-dioxane and transformation of related cyclic compounds by a newly isolated Mycobacterium sp.
Among the topics are the historical use of chlorinated solvents and their stabilizing compounds; 1,4-dioxane chemistry, uses, and occurrence; environmental fate and transport; sampling and laboratory analysis; toxicology; regulation and risk assessment; remediation technologies; case studies of releases, treatment, and drinking water contamination; forensic applications for 1,4-dioxane and solvent stabilizers; and regulatory policy implications.
In addition to having carcinogenic effects, 1,4-dioxane may damage the kidneys, nervous system, and respiratory tract, according to California's Environmental Protection Agency.
This study is the first to document the widespread presence of both formaldehyde and 1,4-dioxane in bath products for children.
Details of the shampoos that were found to be containing high percentage of 1,4-Dioxane.
The USFDA has set a limit on 1,4-dioxane at 10ppm (parts per million) in approving glycerides and polyglycerides for use as excipients in products such as dietary supplements (which are ingested).
Many of the cosmetic industry's chemical safety assessments reveal that common petroleum-based cosmetic ingredients can be contaminated with a cancer-causing impurity called 1,4-dioxane.
Envirogen specializes in proprietary methods of remediating and treating complex contaminants including ammonium percholorate (solid propellant for rockets and missiles), MTBE (fuel additive used to make gasoline burn cleaner) and 1,4-dioxane (explosives), many of which are recognized by industry, regulators and the national press as significant environmental challenges in the United States.
Pall, a leader in filtration, separation and purification, designed, built and operates one of the world's largest oxidation treatment systems for the destruction of 1,4-dioxane in groundwater.
Extraction and ex-situ treatment of groundwater for volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and 1,4-dioxane.