yellow spot

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macula of retina

an oval area of the sensory retina, 3 × 5 mm, temporal to the optic disc corresponding to the posterior pole of the eye; at its center is the central fovea, which contains only retinal cones.

yellow spot


1. A small surface area differing in appearance from its surroundings. Synonym: macula
2. Randomly collected, as in “spot” urine specimen.

ash-leaf spot

White macules found on the trunk and extremities of persons with tuberous sclerosis.

Bitot spots

See: Bitot spots

blind spot

1. Physiological scotoma situated 15° to the outside of the visual fixation point; the point where the optic nerve enters the eye (optic disk), a region devoid of rods and cones. See: scotoma
2. In psychiatry, the inability of an individual to have insight into his or her own personality.

blue spot

Mongolian spot.

Brushfield spot

See: Brushfield spot

cherry-red spot

A red spot occurring on the retina in children with Tay-Sachs disease.
Synonym: Tay spot

cold spot

An area on a nuclear medicine scan in which no radioactive tracer is taken up, indicative of nonfunctioning tissue in a gland or other structure.

corneal spot


cotton-wool spot

A tiny infarct in the retina, present in hypertension, diabetes mellitus, bacterial endocarditis, and other diseases.

focal spot

The area on the x-ray tube target that is bombarded with electrons to produce x-radiation.

Fordyce spots

See: Fordyce disease

genital spot

The area on the nasal mucosa that tends to bleed during menstruation.
See: vicarious menstruation

hematocystic spot

Any of the focal red marks seen on esophageal varices. They consist of aneurysms of the wall of the dilated blood vessel. Their presence increases the likelihood that the varix may bleed.

histo spots

Scarring of the macula found in those infected with Histoplasma capsulatum.

hot spot

1. An area on the surface of the skin that, when stimulated, experiences a sensation of warmth.
2. In a nuclear medicine scan, a region of the image that shows an abnormally high concentration of injected isotope.
3. Any location that has been radioactively contaminated.
4. . In radiation oncology, a tissue region that is exposed to much more radiation than neighboring tissues.

hypnogenic spot

Hypnogenic zone.

Koplik spot

See: Koplik spot

liver spot

A popular term for a pigmentary skin discoloration, usually in yellow-brown patches.
See: Lentigo senilis

milk spot

A dense area of macrophages in the omentum.
Enlarge picture

mongolian spot

Any of the blue or mulberry-colored spots usually located in the sacral region. It may be present at birth in Asian, American Indian, black, and Southern European infants and usually disappears during childhood.
Synonym: blue spot See: illustration

rose spots

Rose-colored maculae occurring on the abdomen or loins in typhoid fever.

Roth spots

See: Roth spots

ruby spot

Cherry angioma.

shin spots

The colloquial name for necrobiosis lipoidica diabeticorum. This condition is usually, but not always, associated with diabetes.
See: necrobiosis lipoidica diabeticorum

Soemmering spot

See: Soemmering, Samuel T. von

Tardieu spot

See: Tardieu spot

Tay spot

See: cherry-red spot

Trousseau spots

See: Trousseau, Armand

white spots

Light-colored, elevated areas of various sizes occurring on the ventricular surface of the anterior leaflet of the mitral valve in endocarditis.

yellow spot

Abbreviation: y.s.
Macula (3).

yellow spot


macula lutea

An oval area of the retina 3-5 mm in diameter, with the foveal depression at its centre, slightly below the level of the optic disc and temporal to it (its centre lies 3.5 mm from the edge of the disc). The side wall of the depression slopes gradually towards the centre where the fovea centralis is located and where the best photopic visual acuity is obtained. Around the fovea, the ganglion cells are much more numerous than elsewhere, being arranged in five to seven layers. The outer molecular layer is also thicker than elsewhere and forms the outer fibre layer of Henle and there is a progressive disappearance of rods so that at the foveola only cones are found. The area of the macula lutea is impregnated by a yellow pigment (macular pigment) in the inner layers and for that reason is often called the yellow spot. Syn. area centralis (although that area is considered to be slightly larger, about 5.5 mm in diameter); punctum luteum. See blue field entoptoscope; fovea centralis; macular pigment.
References in periodicals archive ?
Each batch of Yellow Spot is made from a mash of malted and unmalted barley, which is then triple distilled in traditional copper stills.
Effects of nitrogen fertility and crop rotation on onion growth and yield, thrips densities, Iris yellow spot virus and soil properties.
Female: body yellow dorsally, scales lavender pink with central yellow spot on each scale; ventral half of body pale purple to white, with median red streak on throat; median fins yellow; pectoral and pelvic fins pinkish-blue.
Freshly collected specimens are orange red in overall colouration, with scattered diffuse yellow spots.
A yellow spot on three consecutive months means he's given a red spot, ie termination of the relationship.
2]-2A and from 3A to anal margin; a basal large bright yellow spot from the base of the wing to the first third of costa; 2 discal large bright yellow spots from costal margin to Rs, covered by rufous brown scales at the center; discal cell crossed longitudinally by a white stripe that covers dcm and dci, then a thin line extending on [M.
At the supermarket, look for a melon with a large yellow spot on the bottom.
The macular is an oval-shaped highly pigmented yellow spot near the centre of the retina.
99, all H&M A busy Patterned swimsuit, PS49, Boden print hides lumps and bumpsbp Pink bandeau bikini top, PS15, bottoms, PS14, Accessorize FFor an even tan choose a strapless, bandeau style Yellow spot swimsuit, PS24, Next WHERE TO BUY: WWW.
The underside should have a creamy yellow spot from where it sat on the ground and ripened in the sun.
Carter, with a 21-point lead, was put in a clever snooker behind the black, which was by the side rail near the yellow spot.