xerostomia


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xerostomia

 [ze″ro-sto´me-ah]
dryness of the mouth from salivary gland dysfunction.

xe·ro·sto·mi·a

(zē'rō-stō'mē-ă),
A dryness of the mouth, having a varied etiology, resulting from diminished or arrested salivary secretion, or asialism.
[xero- + G. stoma, mouth]

xerostomia

/xe·ro·sto·mia/ (zēr″o-sto´me-ah) dryness of the mouth due to salivary gland dysfunction.

xerostomia

(zîr′ə-stō′mē-ə)
n.
Abnormal dryness of the mouth.

xerostomia

[zir′əstō′mē·ə]
Etymology: Gk, xeros + stoma, mouth
dryness of the mouth caused by cessation of normal salivary secretion. The condition is a symptom of various diseases such as diabetes, acute infections, hysteria, and Sjögren's syndrome and can be caused by paralysis of facial nerves. It may also result from radiation treatments for cancers of the face, head, or neck. It is also caused by an adverse reaction to drugs.
A manifestation of salivary gland dysfunction with decreased secretion, characterised by dry, atrophic and/or inflammed oropharyngeal mucosa and salivary glands which eventually undergo fibrosis; it is most common in older women; it is associated with salivary gland dysfunction
Aetiology Sjögren syndrome, autoimmune disorders—systemic lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, scleroderma, systemic sclerosis, sarcoidosis—amyloidosis, hypothyroidism, RT 4000 cGy, drugs—e.g., atropine, antihistamines, amphetamines, anticholinergics, antidepressants (Prozac, Paxil, Zoloft, Xanax), valium, antihypertensives (Lopressor, Vasotec), opioids—thallium poisoning, fever, dehydration, mechanical—e.g., calculus in salivary duct—vitamin A deficiency, HIV-1, Candida infections, cancer, inadequate function of salivary glands (e.g., parotid glands)
Management Pilocarpine

xerostomia

 Dry mouth syndrome, see there.

xe·ro·sto·mi·a

(zēr'ō-stō'mē-ă)
A dryness of the mouth, having a varied etiology, resulting from diminished or arrested salivary secretion, or asialism.
[xero- + G. stoma, mouth]

xerostomia

Dry mouth.

Xerostomia

The medical term for dry mouth.
Mentioned in: Dry Mouth

xerostomia

mouth dryness; feature of SjÖgren's syndrome

xerostomia (zeˈ·r·stōˑ·mē·),

n decreased saliva secretion that causes dry mouth; may result from a disease or a drug reaction. Common side effect after radiation therapy.

xe·ro·sto·mi·a

(zēr'ō-stō'mē-ă)
Dryness of the mouth, having a varied etiology, resulting from diminished or arrested salivary secretion, or asialism.
[xero- + G. stoma, mouth]

xerostomia (zir´əstō´mēə),

n dryness of the oral cavity resulting from functional or organic disturbances of the salivary glands and lack of the normal secretion, primarily caused by prescribed medications. Dryness, loss of basic environment, and resultant overgrowth of oral microorganisms frequently lead to rampant caries. See also hyposalivation.

xerostomia

dryness of the mouth from lack of the normal secretion.
References in periodicals archive ?
What was quite remarkable was that we started to see group differences as early as three weeks into radiotherapy for the development of xerostomia, cancer-related symptoms that interfere with quality of life, and saliva flow rates - an important objective measure," Zhiqiang Meng, co-principle investigator of the study, said.
Auriga's exclusive prescription and over-the-counter product portfolio includes Aquoral for the treatment of Xerostomia, Akurza and Xyralid dermatology products, and the Zinx, Extendryl, and Levall families of products for relief of symptoms associated with a range of acute respiratory diseases.
Half of the patients had an abnormal physical examination, 30% had xerostomia, and 25% had dentures that were found to be associated with the pain.
Sixty patients with xerostomia, including 10 with Sjogren's syndrome (7 in the active-treatment group, 3 in the placebo group) were randomly assigned to receive, in double-blind fashion, lozenges containing a proprietary preparation of green tea catechins (MighTeaFlow; Nomax Inc.
Salagen (pilocarpine hydrochloride) is indicated for xerostomia following radiation therapy, in addition to Sjogren's syndrome.
Invado Pharmaceuticals introduces NeutraSal[R], a supersaturated calcium phosphate solution for the treatment of xerostomia and oral mucositis.
Acacia Pharma, a pharmaceutical company specialising in the development of drugs for supportive care, announces positive results from its Phase II study of APD515 for the treatment of xerostomia (dry mouth) in advanced cancer patients.
Individuals in the acupuncture group also reported significant improvement in xerostomia, a condition in which patients receiving adjuvant radiation therapy experience extreme dry mouth.
Sjogren syndrome is a chronic autoimmune condition characterized by exocrine gland dysfunction that presents with a variety of clinical symptoms, including keratoconjunctivitis sicca, xerostomia, and salivary gland swelling typically involving the parotid gland.
The hallmark of Sjogren's syndrome is the sicca complex of xerostomia and keratoconjunctivitis.
Additional preventive considerations include pilocarpine prescribed to assist salivary flow to minimize xerostomia, topical fluoride to control dental caries, and possibly the use of artificial salivary supplements.
A dry mouth or xerostomia is usually due to a reduced flow of saliva and can cause bad breath, increased tooth decay and difficulty swallowing foods.