xerostomia


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xerostomia

 [ze″ro-sto´me-ah]
dryness of the mouth from salivary gland dysfunction.

xe·ro·sto·mi·a

(zē'rō-stō'mē-ă),
A dryness of the mouth, having a varied etiology, resulting from diminished or arrested salivary secretion, or asialism.
[xero- + G. stoma, mouth]

xerostomia

/xe·ro·sto·mia/ (zēr″o-sto´me-ah) dryness of the mouth due to salivary gland dysfunction.

xerostomia

(zîr′ə-stō′mē-ə)
n.
Abnormal dryness of the mouth.

xerostomia

[zir′əstō′mē·ə]
Etymology: Gk, xeros + stoma, mouth
dryness of the mouth caused by cessation of normal salivary secretion. The condition is a symptom of various diseases such as diabetes, acute infections, hysteria, and Sjögren's syndrome and can be caused by paralysis of facial nerves. It may also result from radiation treatments for cancers of the face, head, or neck. It is also caused by an adverse reaction to drugs.
A manifestation of salivary gland dysfunction with decreased secretion, characterised by dry, atrophic and/or inflammed oropharyngeal mucosa and salivary glands which eventually undergo fibrosis; it is most common in older women; it is associated with salivary gland dysfunction
Aetiology Sjögren syndrome, autoimmune disorders—systemic lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, scleroderma, systemic sclerosis, sarcoidosis—amyloidosis, hypothyroidism, RT 4000 cGy, drugs—e.g., atropine, antihistamines, amphetamines, anticholinergics, antidepressants (Prozac, Paxil, Zoloft, Xanax), valium, antihypertensives (Lopressor, Vasotec), opioids—thallium poisoning, fever, dehydration, mechanical—e.g., calculus in salivary duct—vitamin A deficiency, HIV-1, Candida infections, cancer, inadequate function of salivary glands (e.g., parotid glands)
Management Pilocarpine

xerostomia

 Dry mouth syndrome, see there.

xe·ro·sto·mi·a

(zēr'ō-stō'mē-ă)
A dryness of the mouth, having a varied etiology, resulting from diminished or arrested salivary secretion, or asialism.
[xero- + G. stoma, mouth]

xerostomia

Dry mouth.

Xerostomia

The medical term for dry mouth.
Mentioned in: Dry Mouth

xerostomia

mouth dryness; feature of SjÖgren's syndrome

xerostomia (zeˈ·r·stōˑ·mē·),

n decreased saliva secretion that causes dry mouth; may result from a disease or a drug reaction. Common side effect after radiation therapy.

xe·ro·sto·mi·a

(zēr'ō-stō'mē-ă)
Dryness of the mouth, having a varied etiology, resulting from diminished or arrested salivary secretion, or asialism.
[xero- + G. stoma, mouth]

xerostomia (zir´əstō´mēə),

n dryness of the oral cavity resulting from functional or organic disturbances of the salivary glands and lack of the normal secretion, primarily caused by prescribed medications. Dryness, loss of basic environment, and resultant overgrowth of oral microorganisms frequently lead to rampant caries. See also hyposalivation.

xerostomia

dryness of the mouth from lack of the normal secretion.
References in periodicals archive ?
d) Another major cause of xerostomia is systemic disease.
What was quite remarkable was that we started to see group differences as early as three weeks into radiotherapy for the development of xerostomia, cancer-related symptoms that interfere with quality of life, and saliva flow rates - an important objective measure," Zhiqiang Meng, co-principle investigator of the study, said.
Xerostomia should be managed whenever possible via salivary substitutes or replacements.
We also obtained subjective data by requiring patients to complete the Dysphagia and Xerostomia Index Questionnaire pre-treatment and then two weeks post-treatment.
9) Los pacientes que presentaron xerostomia tenian una media de recuento de linfocitos CD4 significativamente mas bajo, con un valor inferior al encontrado por Sherson W y col.
Auriga's exclusive prescription and over-the-counter product portfolio includes Aquoral for the treatment of Xerostomia, Akurza and Xyralid dermatology products, and the Zinx, Extendryl, and Levall families of products for relief of symptoms associated with a range of acute respiratory diseases.
El objetivo de este estudio es determinar las caracteristicas histologicas de las glandulas mencionadas, obtenidas de biopsias de pacientes con xerostomia y clasificar los aspectos histologicos de las glandulas en el sindrome de Sjogren.
Half of the patients had an abnormal physical examination, 30% had xerostomia, and 25% had dentures that were found to be associated with the pain.
Some people can never again wear dentures because of friable tissues and xerostomia.
Reduced USFR and SSFR were observed relatively frequently among the patients and about 50% experienced xerostomia.
A recent clinical study, published in the International Journal of Dental Hygiene, demonstrated that use of XyliMelts time-release adhering discs while sleeping significantly improved perceived oral wetness upon awakening in the morning, and improved perceived discomfort for xerostomia.
Ethyol (amifostine) for Injection, which a hospital-based product used to treat oncology patients, is reportedly an US FDA approved cytoprotective drug indicated to reduce the incidence of xerostomia in patients undergoing post-operative radiation treatment for head and neck cancer.