xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis


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xan·tho·gran·u·lo·ma·tous py·e·lo·ne·phri·tis

a form of pyelonephritis that results in a chronic inflammatory condition; the kidney enlarges and becomes less functional or nonfunctional; characterized histologically by the presence of lipid-laden, foamy macrophages and multiple granulomas. Can mimic neoplasms and renal tuberculosis and is a global process that affects the whole kidney.

xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis

Nephrology A malakoplakia-like kidney lesion that lacks Michaelis-Gutmann bodies, arising in an E coli or Proteus spp infection Complications Hydronephrosis, nephrolithiasis

xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis

Abbreviation: XGP
A relatively rare form of chronic destructive kidney infection in which a kidney, usually one obstructed by stones, becomes enlarged, necrotic, and functionless. In most cases the diseased kidney is surgically removed.
See also: pyelonephritis
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References in periodicals archive ?
Pediatric xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis masquerading as complex renal mass.
Adolescent xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis mimicking renal cell carcinoma on urine cytology: An atypical presenting.
Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis in children: Diagnostic and therapeutic aspects.
Bilateral focal xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis in a child presenting as complex cystic renal mass: A report on non-surgical treatment.
Bilateral xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis involving native kidneys in a renal transplant recipient: Association with renal cell carcinoma and amyloidosis.
Successful management of bilateral xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis by bilateral partial nephrectomy.
Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis is an uncommon encounter on the surgical pathology bench and is associated with long-term urinary tract obstruction and infection.
Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis in childhood: a critical analysis of 10 cases and of the literature.
Ischemic colitis secondary to xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis.
Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis complicated by emphysematous pyelonephritis in a hemodialysis patient.
Nonfunctional right kidney in a 50-year-old woman: xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis.
Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis associated with transitional cell carcinoma of the renal pelvis.