xanthelasma


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xanthelasma

 [zan″thĕ-laz´mah]
xanthoma affecting the eyelids and characterized by soft yellowish spots or plaques.

xan·the·las·ma pal·pe·bra·rum

soft, yellow-orange plaques on the eyelids or medial canthus, the most common form of xanthoma; may be associated with low-density lipoproteins, especially in younger adults.

xanthelasma

/xan·thel·as·ma/ (zan″thĕ-laz´mah) planar xanthoma affecting the eyelids.

xanthelasma

[zan′thəlaz′mə]
Etymology: Gk, xanthos, yellow + Gk, elasma, plate
a planar xanthoma involving the eyelid(s). Also called xanthoma palpebrarum.
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Xanthelasma

xanthelasma

Fatty skin growth Dermatology A condition characterized by multiple 1-2 mm yellowish plaques–lipid-laden histiocytes surrounding blood vessels, formally, xanthomas of the inner eyelid, commonly seen in normocholesterolemic elderly, or hypercholesterolemic younger persons. See Xanthoma.

xan·the·las·ma pal·pe·bra·rum

(zanthĕ-lazmă palpē-brārŭm)
Soft, yellow-orange plaques on the eyelids or medial canthus, the most common form of xanthoma; may be associated with elevation of low-density lipoproteins, especially in younger adults.
Synonym(s): xanthelasma.

xanthelasma

(zan″thĕ-laz′mă) [ xantho- + Gr. elasma, (metal) plate]
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XANTHELASMA
A xanthoma on the eyelids, esp. near the inner canthus. See: illustration

xanthelasma

Cholesterol deposits in the eyelid skin, near the inner corner of the eye, appearing as unsightly, raised, yellow plaques that enlarge slowly. Xanthelasma does not necessarily imply raised blood cholesterol, but this should be checked to eliminate the dangerous condition of familial hypercholesterolaemia, of which it is a feature. Plaques of xanthelasma can easily be removed but tend to recur.

xanthelasma 

A cutaneous deposition of lipid material that appears in the skin of the eyelids, most commonly near the inner canthi. It appears as a yellowish, slightly elevated area. It is a benign and chronic condition that occurs primarily in the elderly. It may be associated with raised blood cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein and triglyceride levels, leading to heart disease or diabetes. Syn. xanthoma; xanthelasma palpebrarum; xanthoma palpebrarum. See corneal arcus; Hollenhorst's plaque.
References in periodicals archive ?
Referral letters accompanying patients almost invariably commented on xanthelasma, but seldom on arcus cornealis and practically never on tendon xanthomata.
Patients with xanthelasma had higher fasting plasma TG (p=0.
Xanthelasmas and xanthomas were seen in cases with severe hypercholesterolemia in study by Civeira et al.
In these cases had raised LDL-C, tendon xanthomas, xanthelasmas and LDL-R gene mutation was determined at exon 3 and 4.
In another instance, a resident used the presence of xanthelasmas on a dermatological examination and cholesterol deposits on funduscopic examination to diagnose a patient with hypercholesterolaemia without a standard fasting lipid panel.