wool


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Related to wool: cotton

wool

(wul),
The hair of the sheep; sometimes, when defatted, used as a surgical dressing.
Synonym(s): lana

wool

the natural fiber produced by the skin of domesticated sheep, characterized by its quality of felting together by virtue of its imbricated surface.

wool ball
black wool
inherited coat color in sheep.
wool blind
the state of having excess wool growth around the eyes to the point where the sheep is unable to see.
break in wool
see wool break.
carding wool
wool suitable for the woollen trade.
carpet wool
coarse low-grade wool, used in the manufacture of carpets.
wool classing
see wool classing.
clean wool
the basis on which the price of wool is set; scoured wool less charges and loss incurred in scouring.
combing wool
long-fibered wool suitable for processing in a combing machine. Used in textile manufacture, especially worsted.
colored wool fibers
naturally colored fibers in a fleece.
dead wool
wool plucked from a sheep which has been dead for some time; usually heavily contaminated and of little value.
dense wool
staples carrying many fibers per unit area of skin surface.
wool depigmentation
wool discoloration
see fleece rot, mycotic dermatitis.
doggy wool
unevenly or poorly crimped wool; found in old sheep.
wool eating
eating of rabbits' wool by other rabbits, or wool from garments by cats causes intestinal wool balls and obstruction of the gut. May be a manifestation of pica due to boredom.
wool fat
see lanolin.
wool fiber abnormalities
includes straight, steely wool, wool break, pigmentation, achromotrichia in black sheep.
wool fiber diameter
thickness of the fiber; wool is sold on the basis of the average fiber diameter of the wool in the lot as determined by a machine and quoted in microns (micrometers); a more sophisticated classification is made on the basis of the average fiber diameter and the variability of the diameter.
greasy wool
wool in its natural state, after removal from the sheep and before any commercial processing; contains yolk, suint, moisture, extraneous soil and vegetable matter.
wool hairs
the soft undercoat fibers in most cats and dogs, interspersed with the longer guard hair; the predominant fiber type in sheep.
hogget wool
first fleece from a 10 to 14 month old sheep which has not been previously shorn.
hunger fine wool
wool with a finer fiber diameter than expected for the sheep's age; caused usually by poor nutrition.
wool industry
includes sheep farming, shearing, wool sales, wool processing and fiber and fabric manufacture.
wool maggots
see cutaneous myiasis.
wool picking
pulling at the wool of another sheep. It may be a vice due to over-confinement, or to an unspecified nutritional deficiency. Biting of another sheep as occurs in rabies may be confused with wool picking but not for long.
plain wool
straight wool lacking crimp and character.
wool processing effluent
liquid effluent from wool processing; has been a source of infection with anthrax.
wool pulling
pulling by the sheep of its own wool, usually an indication of itchiness. See also psorergatesovis.
wool quality
the British standard for wool quality is based on the Bradford Spinning Count System and the wool qualified as to its Bradford Count. This originated in the 19th century and is based on the number of 560-yard worsted skeins that can be produced from one pound of clean wool; larger numbers mean finer wool.
wool rot
see fleece rot.
wool rubbing
the sheep rubs its fleece against a hard object. Usually an indication of itching caused by external parasites or to a systemic disease with manifestations in the skin. See also scrapie.
wool slip
alopecia of housed ewes that are shorn in winter. The wool is lost over a large area of the back. There is no systemic illness and the wool regrows normally. The cause is unknown but the condition appears to be related to a high level of serum corticosteroids.
straight-steely wool
wool sucking
a vice of cats, particularly Siamese and Siamese crosses, in which they suck or chew woollen objects. Believed to be an extension of sucking behavior.
tender wool
wool which will break during the combing process in manufacturing.
wool wax
see lanolin.
wool weight
see fleece weight.
wool yield
the percentage of raw wool that can be retrieved from processing in a state suitable for the particular type of production which is in hand, e.g. carpet making.
References in classic literature ?
He looked at the cotton wool, decided that it was not good to eat, ran all round the table, sat up and put his fur in order, scratched himself, and jumped on the small boy's shoulder.
I'm sure I donna want t' go wi' the whittaws," said Molly, whimpering, and quite overcome by this Dantean picture of her future, "on'y we allays used to comb the wool for 'n at Mester Ottley's; an' so I just axed ye.
She took the form of an old woman who used to dress wool for her when she was still in Lacedaemon, and of whom she was very fond.
As much As are your English merchants with their wool.
Raoul found the garden-gate open, and rode straight in, without regarding the long arms, raised in anger, of an old man dressed in a jacket of violet-colored wool, and a large cap of faded velvet.
In the first place then, some one may doubt whether the getting of money is the same thing as economy, or whether it is a part of it, or something subservient to it; and if so, whether it is as the art of making shuttles is to the art of weaving, or the art of making brass to that of statue founding, for they are not of the same service; for the one supplies the tools, the other the matter: by the matter I mean the subject out of which the work is finished, as wool for the cloth and brass for the statue.
Already, at the age of thirty-five, her cheeks were whitening as her mother's had whitened, but for her there would be no memories of Indian suns and Indian rivers, and clamor of children in a nursery; she would have very little of substance to think about when she sat, as Lady Otway now sat, knitting white wool, with her eyes fixed almost perpetually upon the same embroidered bird upon the same fire-screen.
Some half-stirred; some rose; some dropped their balls of wool and began to stoop to look for them.
On these pasteboard heads they sewed sheep's wool for hair, and the wool was colored many tints--pink, green and lavender being the favorite colors.
He catches you only for your wool, or your milk, but he lays hold on me for my very life.
He was an English wool merchant who had gone to live in Bruges, but he was very fond of books, and after a time he gave up his wool business, came back to England, and began to write and print books.
The word properly indicates a garland wound with wool which was worn at harvest-festivals, but came to be applied first to the harvest song and then to any begging song.