wire

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wire

 [wīr]
a long, slender, flexible structure of metal, used in surgery and dentistry and sometimes as a conductor of electricity.
arch wire in orthodontic therapy, a wire attached to orthodontic bands and applied around the dental arch to control and force tooth movement.
Kirschner wire a steel wire for skeletal transfixing of fractured bones and for obtaining skeletal traction in fractures. It is inserted through the soft parts and the bone and is held tight in a clamp.
The use of the Kirschner wire to repair hallux valgus and other toe deformities. From Ignatavicius et al., 1995.
lead wire in cardiac pacing, an insulated wire with an electrode in contact with the heart and the other end attached to a pulse generator. It may have a bipolar configuration (bipolar lead) with two electrodes close to each other in the heart, or a unipolar configuration (unipolar lead) with just one electrode in the heart and the pulse generator as the ground.

wire

(wīr),
A slender, pliable rod or thread of metal, used in surgery and dentistry.

wire

(wīr) a slender, elongated, flexible structure of metal.
Kirschner wire  a steel wire for skeletal transfixion of fractured bones and for obtaining skeletal traction in fractures.

wire

[wīr]
1 n., a long, slender, flexible structure of metal, used in surgery and dentistry.
2 v., to insert such metal strands into a body structure, as into a broken bone to immobilize fragments.

wire

Orthopedics Any wire used in orthopedic surgery to anchor or stabilize bone fragments, tendons, or other soft tissues. See Cerclage wire, Commander guide wire, Figure-of-eight wire, Guide wire, Kirschner (K) wire, Tension band wiring.

wire

(wīr)
Slender and pliable rod or thread of metal.

wire

(wīr)
A slender, pliable rod or thread of metal, used in dentistry and surgery.

wire,

n slender and pliable rod or thread of metal.
wire, arch,
n wire used in orthodontics as a source of force to direct teeth to move in desired directions. The wire may be described according to the shape of its cross-section, such as ribbon, rectangular, or round.
wire, diagnostic,
n See wire, measuring.
wire edge,
n a thin, rough ridge created by particles that have been rearranged during hand instrument sharpening and appear on the surface adjoining the cutting edge.
wire, internal suspension,
n one of a network of wires placed inside the oral cavity connecting the zygoma and mandibular arch bar, which are used to immobilize the maxillary arch for healing after a LeFort I fracture. See also fracture, LeFort.
wire, Kirschner,
n.pr a surgical steel wire of heavy gauge with pointed ends; used in the reduction and fixation of bone fragments by passing it through the cancellous portion of the bone and spanning the fracture site.
wire, ligature,
n a soft, thin wire used to tie an arch wire to the band attachments.
wire, measuring,
n a wire or other similar metal placed in a root canal to determine the length of the canal. A radiogram is used to make the determination.
wire, orthodontic,
n stainless steel and wrought gold wire of various dimensions used in orthodontic treatment.
wire, Risdon
n.pr a wire arch bar tied in the midline.
wire, separating,
n wire threaded interproximally between two adjacent teeth and tightened by twisting the ends together to wedge the teeth slightly apart. Separating wire is used in preparation to adapt bands to teeth having tight contacts with adjacent teeth.
wire, transosseous
n a thin, flexible thread of metal that is laced through a hole drilled into the bone to bridge a fracture line and stabilize bone fragments. See also wire, Kirschner and wiring, perialveolar.
wire, wrought,
n 1. a wire formed by drawing a cast structure through a die; used in dentistry for partial denture clasps and orthodontic appliances.
n 2. a form of metal resulting from the swaging, rolling, and drawing of a metal ingot into a desired shape and size.

wire

very thin metal rod or thread.

interdental wire
placed around teeth adjacent to a mandibular or maxillary fracture to provide stabilization.
interfragmentary wire
may be used to stabilize the position of fracture fragments.
Kirschner wire
see kirschner wire.
wire loop lesion
thickening of the glomerular basement membrane in glomerular tufts by deposition of immune complexes; seen in membranous glomerulonephritis.
wire saw
very tough, braided steel wire used in obstetrics to cut through muscles and bone. Tends to clog up in skin and with viscera. Needs to be used with a protective fetotome to avoid injury to the vagina and uterus.
wire saw introducer
1. may be a long, 3 feet, blunt needle with an eye at the introduced end. Used to thread wire saw through the tube of an embryotome.
2. a heavy metal bean-shaped plaque, size of a hand palm, with two holes; used to carry the end of the wire saw through the uterus, around the object to be removed, and out again through the vagina. The two ends of the saw are then threaded into the tubes of the embryotome.