white superficial onychomycosis

white superficial onychomycosis

A less common (10%) clinical form of onychomycosis caused by fungal invasion of the superficial nail plate, forming white patches on the plate, which may be confused with keratin granulation—a reaction to nail polish that causes nails to turn chalky white.
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2002) (9) study reported distal subungual onychomycosis as the second common, followed by white superficial onychomycosis and proximal subungual onychomycosis.
Childhood white superficial onychomycosis caused by Trichophyton rubrum.
In 1998, a study presented a new classification of onychomycosis dividing the pattern of nail plate involvement by mode and site of invasion into five clinical types: distal lateral subungual onychomycosis (DLSO), white superficial onychomycosis (WSO), proximal subungual onychomycosis (PSO), endonyx onychomycosis (EO), and candidal onychomycosis.
Clinically onychomycosis is subclassified into various forms such as distal lateral subungual onychomycosis, proximal subungual onychomycosis, white superficial onychomycosis and total dystrophic onychomycosis.
5 Percent), white superficial onychomycosis 27 (10.
The other exceptions are white superficial onychomycosis and proximal white subungual onychomycosis, two subtypes in which the fungus directly attacks the nail plate rather than the skin first.
Elewski said that she also finds it useful in white superficial onychomycosis and in minimal nail disease.
There are four types of onychomycosis: (1) distal subungual onychomycosis affecting the nail bed, (2) white superficial onychomycosis affecting the surface of the nail plate, (3) proximal subungual onychomycosis affecting the ventral and proximal area of the nail plate from the proximal nail fold (this type of onychomycosis is seen predominantly in immunosuppressed patients), and (4) chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis by Candida albicans affecting the entire thickness of the nail plate.
7] Distal subungual onychomycosis is caused primarily by T rubrum, white superficial onychomycosis is caused mainly by T mentagrophytes, proximal subungual onychomycosis is caused primarily by T rubrum, and total involvement of the nail unit is seen only in chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis.
White superficial onychomycosis was seen as superficial white patches with distinct edges on the surface of the nail plate.
Another feature is deep white superficial onychomycosis.
For patients with abnormal-appearing nails, samples for mycologic analysis were taken either from nail surface scrapings or nail bed curette samples, depending on whether the appearance was consistent with white superficial onychomycosis, distal-lateral disease, or total nail dystrophy.