white dot syndrome

Any of a group of idiopathic multifocal inflammatory conditions involving the retina and the choroid characterised by the appearance of white dots in the fundus, which typically affect young, healthy, myopic women
Examples Multiple evanescent white dot syndrome (MEWDS), multifocal choroiditis & panuveitis (MCP), punctate inner choroidopathy (PIC), acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy (APMPPE), serpiginous choroiditis, birdshot retinochoroidopathy
DiffDx Diffuse unilateral subacute neuroretinitis, punctate outer retinal toxoplasmosis, sarcoidosis, tuberculosis, syphilis, presumed ocular histoplasmosis, septic emboli, pars planitis, and sympathetic ophthalmia

white dot syndrome

Any of a group of inflammatory diseases of the choroid and retina that manifest with visual loss. On inspection of the ocular fundus, well-demarcated whitish lesions are seen.
References in periodicals archive ?
Though rare, lyme disease should be considered in the differential diagnosis of white dot syndromes (see pages 241-243).
Practical knowledge and current developments are delivered in an engaging question-and-answer format through 21 chapters covering the basic mechanisms of ocular inflammation; signs, symptoms, and classification of uveitis; laboratory testing techniques; local and systemic treatments for all forms of uveitis; complications of the disease; systemic disease associations of uveitic conditions; differential diagnosis of different presentations; pars planitis and intermediate uveitis; infectious and autoimmune forms of posterior uveitis; and a review of the white dot syndromes.
In this case report, we present a case of Lyme borreliosis and aim to point out a possible association between Lyme disease and white dot syndromes.
White dot syndromes have been associated with various diseases that are characterized by delayed hypersensitivity reaction such as sarcoidosis, tuberculosis, schistosomiasis and also Lyme disease.
Although the exact pathogenesis in white dot syndromes is controversial, we thought that the relationship between these two conditions may be a result of the common pathology, vasculitis, which is also responsible for complications in the late phase of Lyme disease.