Also found in: Acronyms.
To measure an individual’s waist, have the patient face away from the care provider with hands placed on the top of the hipbones or iliac crests. This spot should them be marked on each hip, using a felt-tip pen or skin marker. A measuring tape is then placed around the patient at the level of the iliac crests. It should be parallel to the floor and snug but not tight enough to dent the skin. The patient then exhales normally, and the measurement is taken and recorded. Weight loss should be encouraged when waist circumferences exceed guidelines, or when the body mass index is greater than 25 kg/m2, using dietary modification and exercise. Physical activity should consist of more than 35 min of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise daily (unless contraindicated). Brisk walking is a good choice for most individuals, although any form of exercise that a patient finds enjoyable should be encouraged.