We also see references to vocabulary in many places.
Vocabulary is not mentioned in the speaking and listening standards, but we see that being involved in collaborative conversations does increase vocabulary knowledge and vice versa.
A third strategy in IRAs is providing opportunities for children to interact with vocabulary
outside of the immediate context of the story.
Eminent scholars like PreSley, Levin and Miller have brought to light the fact as to how guessing is a useful method of not only improving the vocabulary
of a learner but also building up his confidence.
17) comment that '[w]hen we think of ways of deciding whether one vocabulary
learning activity is likely to be more effective than another, our first thought may be to try them both out and see which one works best.
The criterion with which I chose to organize this paper is based on three main areas: (1) the occurrence of L2 vocabulary
learning through incidental means, (2) the effect of reading on incidental vocabulary
learning, and (3) the use of strategies and tasks conducive to improving the incidental learning of vocabulary
They then measured their levels of vocabulary
, along with other measures such as their years of schooling, the complexity of their jobs and their reading habits.
The high correlation in the research literature of word knowledge with reading comprehension indicates that if students do not adequately and steadily grow their vocabulary
knowledge, reading comprehension will be affected.
Another instrument which has been used widely to explore students' productive vocabulary
knowledge is the Productive Vocabulary
Levels Test (PVLT) (Laufer and Nation 1995, 1999).
A business vocabulary
is the knowledge structure in organization  identifying the main terms and defining their interconnections.
One of these knowledge sources has been found to be vocabulary
learning provided fuel for a vast majority of research in L2 lexicon field of study.