visual cortex


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Related to visual cortex: auditory cortex

cortex

 [kor´teks] (pl. cor´tices) (L.)
the outer layer of an organ or other structure, as distinguished from its inner substance or medulla. adj., adj cor´tical.
adrenal cortex (cortex of adrenal gland) the outer, firm layer comprising the larger part of the adrenal gland; it secretes mineralocorticoids, androgens, and glucocorticoids.
cerebellar cortex the superficial gray matter of the cerebellum.
cerebral cortex (cortex cerebra´lis) the convoluted layer of gray matter covering each cerebral hemisphere. See also brain.
renal cortex the granular outer layer of the kidney, composed mainly of glomeruli and convoluted tubules, extending in columns between the pyramids that constitute the renal medulla.
striate cortex part of the occipital lobe that receives the fibers of the optic radiation and serves as the primary receiving area for vision. Called also first visual area.
visual cortex the area of the occipital lobe of the cerebral cortex concerned with vision; the striate cortex is also called the first visual area, and the adjacent second and third visual areas serve as its association areas.

vis·u·al cor·tex

the region of the cerebral cortex occupying the entire surface of the occipital lobe, and composed of Brodmann areas 17-19. Brodmann area 17 (which is also called striate cortex or area because the line of Gennari is grossly visible on its surface) is the primary visual cortex, receiving the visual radiation from the lateral geniculate body of the thalamus. The surrounding Brodmann areas 18 (parastriate cortex or area) and 19 (peristriate cortex or area) are probably involved in subsequent steps of visual information processing; Brodmann area 18 is referred to as the secondary visual cortex.
Synonym(s): visual area

vis·u·al cor·tex

(vizh'ū-ăl kōr'teks)
The region of the cerebral cortex occupying the entire surface of the occipital lobe, and composed of Brodmann areas 17-19. Area 17 (which is also called the striate cortex or area because the line of Gennari is grossly visible on its surface) is the primary visual cortex, receiving the visual radiation from the lateral geniculate body of the thalamus. The surrounding Brodmann areas 18 (parastriate cortex or area) and 19 (peristriate cortex or area) are probably involved in subsequent steps of visual information processing; area 18 is referred to as the secondary visual cortex.
Synonym(s): visual area.

visual cortex

the thin outer layer of grey matter in the occipital region of the CEREBRUM that is concerned with the interpretation of information from the eyes.

visual

pertaining to vision.

visual acuity test
performed by walking the animal through an obstacle course. A room full of unfamiliar furniture, or a stairway is usually used for companion animals. Farm animals are led or driven through a passage with drums or boxes strewn across it.
visual cortex
the part of the cerebral cortex which deals with images received by the visual apparatus.
visual evoked potentials (VEPs)
see visual evoked response.
visual following
movement of the eyes in watching a moving object.
visual pathway
the bulk of the retinal ganglion cells have axons in the optic nerve which synapse with cells in the lateral geniculate nucleus in the thalamus, which project to the visual cortex in the occipital lobe of the cerebrum; in a secondary visual pathway the axons of the remainder of the retinal ganglion cells terminate in the anterior rostral colliculus (pretectal region).
visual system
includes the eye, the optic nerve and the optic cortex in the cerebrum. The oculomotor, trochlear, abducent, trigeminal and facial nerves are all involved in reflexes which are part of the animal's responses to visual stimuli.
visual yellow
all-trans retinal; see retinal (2).
References in periodicals archive ?
Functional degradation of extrastriate visual cortex in senescent rhesus monkeys.
About 90% of the output from the retina flows to the LGN and then to V1, whereas the remaining 10% is projected to the superior colliculus and then to the pulvinar, reciprocally connecting with the extrastriate areas surrounding the primary visual cortex (Tong, 2003).
There is, for instance, considerable evidence of invariant representations in the workings of the visual cortex, but it is not yet clear whether the concept applies broadly to other sensory areas and to motor regions of the cortex.
1999) explored the activation of area 17 with two convergent techniques: PET and repetitive transcranian magnetic stimulation (rTMS) showing the use of the primary visual cortex both in visual imagery and visual perception.
Except for a small area around fixation in each eye, all information from the left side of fixation is projected initially to the visual cortex in the right hemisphere, and all information from the right side of fixation in each eye is projected initially to the visual cortex in the left hemisphere.
Influence of visual expenence deprivation on the postnatal development of the microvascular bed in layer IV of the rat visual cortex.
Kahn, indeed, could not imagine a building viewed other than in natural light but the Western predilection for flooding our buildings with daylight leaves little for our visual cortex or our imagination to infill.
They wanted to know exactly which neurons in the visual cortex were responsible for our innate perceptual abilities.
The technology "may not work for people blinded as children or as infants, because the visual cortex did not develop normally," explains Bill Dobelle.