virilization


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to virilization: Cushing syndrome, Congenital adrenal hyperplasia

masculinization

 [mas″ku-lin-ĭ-za´shun]
1. the normal induction or development of male secondary sex characters in the male.
2. the induction or development of male secondary sex characters in the female or prepubertal male.
3. the condition of having such sex characters. Called also virilization.

vir·i·li·za·tion

(vir'i-li-zā'shŭn),
Production or acquisition of virilism.

virilization

/vir·il·iza·tion/ (vir″ĭ-lĭ-za´shun) masculinization; usually used for that occurring in a female or prepubertal male.

virilization

(vîr′ə-lĭ-zā′shən)
n.
Development of male secondary sexual characteristics.

vir′il·ize′ (-ə-līz′) v.

virilization

[vir′əlīzā′shən]
Etymology: L, virilis + atus, process
a process in which secondary male sexual characteristics are acquired by a female, usually as the result of adrenal dysfunction or hormonal medication. Also called masculinization, virilism. See also adrenal virilism.

virilization

Physical changes in a ♀ 2º to androgen excess Clinical Hirsutism, temporal balding, deepened voice, acne, enlarged clitoris and clitoral index–ratio between the sagittal and transverse diameters of the clitoris; the androgen excess may be
1. Adrenal, due to Cushing's syndrome, congenital enzyme deficiency–eg, 11– or 21–hydroxylase deficiency or neoplasia, either benign or malignant or.
2. Ovarian, due to hyperplasia–eg, polycystic ovaries or tumors–eg, arrhenoblastoma, steroid cell tumors or gynandroblastoma. Cf Hermaphroditism, Intersex, Precocious puberty, Virilism.

vir·i·li·za·tion

(vir'i-lī-zā'shŭn)
Production or acquisition of virilism.

virilization

induction or development of male secondary sex characters, especially the appearance of such changes in the female. Called also masculinization.
References in periodicals archive ?
Androstenedione, DHEAS, testosterone (including free) and sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) were assayed to exclude virilization syndrome.
Fewer than 10% percent present with virilization alone, but the presence of virilization in a patient with an adrenal neoplasm suggests an ACC rather than an adenoma.
CAH causes increased androgen production, resulting in ambiguous genitalia and virilization in girls and early virilization in boys.
Cases of virilization caused by topical exposure to testosterone are rare in medical literature, said Dr.
Treatment did not cause virilization in these women, as there was no change in sebaceous gland volume, rate of sebum excretion, or hair follicle gene expression.
Even with cortisol replacement, persistent elevation of ACTH from the pituitary gland results in excessive androgen levels leading to virilization of females including precocious puberty, menstrual irregularity, short stature, hirsutism, acne and fertility problems.
Anogenital ratio: measure of fetal virilization in premature and full-term newborn infants.
The diagnosis is made either in infancy or at puberty, when there is virilization of the external genitalia in female patients who have a karyotype of 46,XY.
65) Pregnancy luteomas are associated with virilization of the mother in about 25% of cases, and female infants are virilized as well in 60% to 70% of cases.
Adrenal myelolipoma, which is a nonfunctional tumor, may be found coincidentally in patients affected by Cushing's syndrome, hyperaldosteronism, pheochromocytoma, adrenogenital syndrome, and virilization (3,4,5).
Like their predecessor Valentine de Saint-Point (1875-1953) in France, for example, they extolled women who could elevate themselves from the masses through an empowering virilization.