VINDICATE

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VINDICATE

Vascular, Infection, Neoplasm, Drugs, Inflammatory/Idiopathic, Congenital, Autoimmune, Trauma, Endocrine/Metabolic. A popular mnemonic for the differential diagnosis of bony sclerosis.

VINDICATE
Vascular:
• Haemangiomas;
• Infarct.
Infection:
• Chronic osteomyelitis.
Neoplasm:
• Primary:
  — Osteoma;
  — Osteosarcoma.
• Metastatic:
  — Prostate;
  — Breast;
  — Other.
Drugs:
  — Vitamin D;
  — Fluoride.
Inflammatory/Idiopathic.
Congenital:
  — Bone islands;
  — Osteopoikilosis;
  — Osteopetrosis;
  — Pyknodysostosis.
Autoimmune.
Trauma:
  — Fracture (stress);
Endocrine/Metabolic:
  — Hyperparathyroidism;
  — Paget's disease.
References in periodicals archive ?
The important issue is whether the belief in question is vindicable, not whether S possesses that vindication.
When a claim is vindicable, an appeal to the falsehood of the KK thesis may (if the KK thesis is indeed false) help to make clear how first-order knowledge is possible for certain kinds of subjects.
79) As a result, Justice Scalia's rationale seems to answer the question left unanswered by the majority: a right--neither perfectly secured by appeal nor sufficiently vindicable on appeal--warrants inclusion as a Cohen exception when it is "sufficiently important to overcome the policies militating against interlocutory appeals.
Second, it is difficult to see how the assignment fiction avoids the Article II objection Justice Scalia first raised in Lujan and repeated in Steel Company and Laidlaw--by "assigning" the right to enforce a governmental "damages claim," "Congress has done precisely what we have said it cannot do: convert an `undifferentiated public interest' into an `individual right' vindicable in the courts.
If the concrete injury requirement has the separation-of-powers significance we have always said, the answer must be obvious: To permit Congress to convert the undifferentiated public interest in executive officers' compliance with the law into an `individual right' vindicable in the courts is to permit Congress to transfer from the President to the courts the Chief Executive's most important constitutional duty, to `take Care that the Laws be faithfully executed.