Literature Review for Vertical Illumination Publication Content Details Waldram (1958) Design process that takes the Theory appearance of surfaces into account Flynn (1977) Wall lighting in addition to Space: downlighting is more favorable than Windowless room horizontal lighting.
In exterior spaces, the vertical illumination of facades supports orientation in urban spaces and provides spatial framing of places (Fig.
In general, we can distinguish two types of vertical illumination, wallwashing and grazing light.
While a non-optical acorn-type fixture provides high levels of vertical illumination, the light produced is glary and reduces the ability to see.
An optical acorn-type lighting system, which includes an element of uplight, offers numerous advantages: vertical illumination to light faces and the building facades, horizontal illumination to light roadways, and lighting uniformity to create a three-dimensional feel.
The Holophane Enduratron product was selected for this mammoth space because of its ability to deliver both strong horizontal and vertical illumination
They add vertical illumination
while lighting the platform," Erdman says.
The narrow beam also reduces the vertical illumination
on the ball at higher planes above the field.
The main goals of the lighting component of the revitalization efforts are to obtain high vertical illumination
with no less than .
The pedestrian teardrop fixtures were selected for improved vertical illumination
and facial recognition," says Windle.
LED track wall wash with a rectangle distribution delivering 3,000 lumen uniform vertical illumination
in four color temperatures.
But Zeboor notes that "in many instances, due to the age of the metal halide lighting and poor vertical illumination
, the gymnasiums appeared much worse than 25 fc.