vertebral body


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Related to vertebral body: vertebral arch, spinous process, vertebral foramen

vertebral body

[TA]
the main portion of a vertebra anterior to the vertebral canal, as distinct from the arches. [Usage note: the term "centrum" is frequently erroneously used as a synonym for vertbral body - however the developmental centrum is less than the body, which also inculdes parts of the developmental neural arches.]

vertebral body

the weight-supporting, solid central part of a vertebra. The pedicles of the arch project from its dorsolateral surfaces.

ver·te·bral bod·y

(vĕr'tĕ-brăl bod'ē) [TA]
The main portion of a vertebra anterior to the vertebral canal, as distinct from the arches. usage note The term "centrum" is frequently erroneously used as a synonym for vertebral body-however, the developmental centrum is less than the body, which also includes parts of the developmental neural arches.

vertebral

of or pertaining to a vertebra.

vertebral abscess
commonly associated with navel infection in the young. Usually infection delivered by the hematogenous route to the cervical or lumbar vertebral bodies or to meninges. Compression of the spinal cord by the abscess or a pathological fracture causes paraplegia or quadriplegia depending on location. See also vertebral osteomyelitis (below).
vertebral asymmetry
a contributing factor in enzootic equine incoordination.
vertebral body
vertebral body osteosclerosis
occurs together with vertebral osteophyte development in old bulls with thyroid C-cell tumors.
vertebral canal
see spinal canal.
vertebral column
see spinal column.
complex vertebral malformation (CVM)
a recently recognized autosomal recessive lethal defect in Holstein cattle. Produces early embryonic death, late term abortions, premature birth and neonatal mortality in liveborn calves. The morphological expression of CVM is wide but vertebral (cervical and thoracic) malformation and arthrogryposis (carpal and tarsal joints) are almost always present. Vertebral malformations may be clinically apparent in some calves and can be detected by radiography. A wide spectrum of other congenital defects may be present.
vertebral curves
the cervical, thoracic and lumbar curves.
vertebral exostosis
may be the result of fractures, and in pigs, hypovitaminosis A. May cause compression of spinal cord and paralysis.
vertebral fracture
often due to minor trauma in bone weakened by osteoporosis or osteomyelitis. In neonates may be dystocia-related. Usually causes acute onset of flaccid paralysis.
vertebral instability
see canine wobbler syndrome.
vertebral joints
are of two types, symphyseal between the vertebral bodies, and synovial between the facets of the neural arch.
vertebral malformation
includes block vertebra and defective alignment such as scoliosis, kyphosis, torticollis. See also complex vertebral malformation (above).
vertebral osteomyelitis
results in pathological fracture causing acute paralysis, or spinal cord abscess causing slower onset paralysis. Hematogenesis spread from omphalophlebitis is common so that disease is most often seen in young patients.
vertebral osteophytes
see spondylosis deformans.
vertebral stenosis
compression of the spinal cord by a vertebral canal which has too small a diameter.
vertebral subluxation
largely restricted to the cervical vertebrae where looser ligaments permit more intervertebral movement.
References in periodicals archive ?
Delayed traumatic vertebral body compression fracture; part II: pathologic features.
Subsidence among vertebral replacement hardware has remained a complication for vertebral body replacement with the titanium mesh cage.
When MRI is contraindicated or cannot be tolerated by the patient, or when a neoplastic process is suspected and there is concern for the cortical integrity of the vertebral body, especially the posterior wall, a CT scan with multiplanar reformations can be performed (Figure 2).
First, the inflatable balloon utilized during KP acts to tamp open a space within the vertebral body, forming a cavity that is surrounded by impacted cancellous bone.
Pain outcome and vertebral body height restoration in patients undergoing kyphoplasty.
Studies are reviewed to determine the extent of lyric involvement, loss of height of the vertebral body secondary to collapse, degree of cortical destruction, extent of spinal and foraminal stenosis, and involvement of associated support structures (Cotten et al.
Preliminary evidence suggests it's probably preferable to vertebroplasty, during which thin, liquid cement is injected under high pressure to fill the vertebral body, he said.
These revealed dynamic development of a severe stenosis of the right vertebral artery involving the extraforaminal segment just superior to the Cl vertebral body (Figure 2).
The anterior longitudinal ligament (ALL) is a low-signal, linear structure along the anterior portion of the vertebral body cortex and disks.
Vertebral body height restoration was assessed on postoperative x-rays.
CHICAGO -- Percutaneous vertebroplasty is better than medical therapy for the management of acute painful vertebral body compression fractures, Dr.
With its significantly higher viscosity, StabiliT ER(X) affords a more targeted and controlled delivery - potentially reducing the likelihood of extravasation while still allowing for easy delivery into the vertebral body," said Nick Yee, M.