ventilator-associated pneumonia


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ventilator-associated pneumonia

the most common type of nosocomial pneumonia, a frequently fatal type seen in patients breathing with a ventilator. It is usually caused by aspiration of contaminated secretions or stomach contents and may be bacterial, viral, or fungal.

ventilator-associated pneumonia

In patients receiving invasive mechanical ventilation, a new and persistent infiltrate seen on chest x-ray associated with fever, elevated or depressed white blood cell counts, and sputum that is either purulent or full of disease-causing bacteria. Synonym: artificial airway-associated pneumonia
See also: pneumonia
References in periodicals archive ?
Predictors of long-term mortality in patients with ventilator-associated pneumonia.
The attributable morbidity and mortality of ventilator-associated pneumonia in the critically ill patient.
Oral hygiene care for critically ill patients to prevent ventilator-associated pneumonia.
Use of quantitative cultures and reduced duration of antibiotic regimens for patients with ventilator-associated pneumonia to decrease resistance in the intensive care unit.
Early-onset ventilator-associated pneumonia incidence in intensive care units: A surveillance-based study.
Ventilator-associated pneumonia can result in critically ill patients experiencing a higher mortality, morbidity, and prolonged ICU stays.
Compliance rates were no better for preventing ventilator-associated pneumonia, or VAP, the study found.
Adherence to ventilator-associated pneumonia bundle and incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia in the surgical intensive care unit.