To our knowledge, this is the first biomarker reflecting systemic venous congestion
in chronic HF.
In contrast, surgical interventions are effective in benign causes of upper venous congestion
and show relatively few complications.
On the other hand, in this study, echocardiographic indices of MS severity including transmitral gradients and valve area, as well as left atrial diameters, had no influence in predicting WRF These findings were consistent with the above-mentioned data derived from HF studies, which proved the role of venous congestion
and right ventricular dysfunction in WRF It is notable that cardiac output may have a potential role in worsening renal function; however, we excluded patients with severe MS since these patients needed intervention at the time of evaluation.
Interpositional Vein Graft Local Anastomosis (%) (%) Venous Congestion
1 (4%) 2 (9%) Thrombus 4 (17%) 2 (9%) Hemorrhage 3 (13%) 1 (4.
They may also suffer from migraine headaches, nightmares, venous congestion
, nervousness, restlessness, weakness and mastalgia.
More importantly, venous congestion
of the upper limb would almost certainly have occurred and there would have been a real possibility of significant injury or even rupture of the axillary or other vein.
As the thrombus enlarges, it causes venous congestion
and leads to cerebral edema with mass effect and a resultant increase of intracranial pressure.
Pelvic pain related to pelvic venous congestion
often occurs in women with symptomatic lower extremity venous reflux.
Known as venous congestion
, it occurs when slow-healing veins are unable to draw blood away from a surgical site at an adequate pace.
Their patient experienced difficulties on postpartum Day 7, including an increase in SVR associated with increased mitral valve regurgitation, left atrial enlargement, and pulmonary venous congestion
Sometimes, the patient's veins are too weak to allow blood-flow back into the re-attached part, and a dangerous blood buildup known as venous congestion
Leeches were applied as necessary to decrease venous congestion