varus


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Related to varus: varus knee

varus

 [va´rus] (L.)
bent or twisted inward; denoting a deformity in which the angulation of the part is toward the midline of the body, as in talipes varus.

va·rus

(va'rŭs), This form of the adjective is used only with masculine nouns (metatarsus varus, plural metatarsi vari. With feminine nouns the form vara is used (tibia vara, plural tibiae varae), and with neuter nouns the form varum (genu varum, plural genua vara). Do not confuse this word with valgus.
Latin adjective describing any joint in an extremity that is deformed in such a way that the more distal of the two bones forming the joint deviates toward the midline, as in bowleg.
[Mod. L. bent inward, fr. L. knock-kneed]

varus

/va·rus/ (var´us) [L.] bent inward; denoting a deformity in which the angulation of the part is toward the midline of the body, as in talipes varus. The meanings of varus and valgus are often reversed.

varus

(vâr′əs, văr′-)
n.
An abnormal position of a bone of the leg or foot.

varus

[ver′əs]
Etymology: L, bent
describing an abnormal position in which a part of a limb is turned inward toward the midline, such as the great toe in hallux varus. Compare valgus.

varus

Orthopedics A fixation of a part in the position assumed if it were inverted–in a frontal plane, fixation where the plantar surface is directed toward the midline

va·rus

(var'ŭs)
Descriptive of any of the paired joints of the limbs with a static angular deformity in which the bone distal to the joint deviates medially from the longitudinal axis of the proximal bone, and toward the midline of the body, when the subject is in the anatomic position. The adjective varus is attached sometimes to the name of the joint (cubitus varus) and sometimes to the name of the body part just distal to the joint (hallux varus). The gender of the adjective matches that of the Latin noun to which it is joined; thus, cubitus, hallux, metatarsus, pes, talipes varus; coxa, manus, talipomanus vara; genu varum.
Compare: valgus
[Mod. L. bent inward, fr. L. knock-kneed]

varus

(va'rus) [L, varus, vara, varum, bent, bent inward, knock-knee(d)]
Enlarge picture
KNOCK-KNEE: In medical usage, referred to as “valgus knee” or “genu valgum.”
Bent or turned inward, used esp. of deformities in which the most distal anatomical part is turned inward and toward the midline of the body. The classical Latin adjective varus, vara, varum means “knock-knee” or “knock-kneed” and applies to the appearance of the defect. The modern medical Latin adjective applies to the cause of the defect; thus a “varus knee” is caused by the inward bending of the tibia and fibula (towards the center of the body), resulting in “genu varum, ” or “bowleg.” See: illustration; valgus

varus

positional variant characterized by turning inwards of a part (i.e. toward midline/sagittal plane of body)

varus

[L.] bent inward; denoting a deformity in which the angulation of the part is toward the midline of the body, as in coxa vara, genu varum.

varus stress test
adduction of the tibia while the femur is in a fixed position tests the integrity of the lateral collateral ligaments of the stifle.
References in periodicals archive ?
These patients differ from forefoot varus in that the calcaneus does not go into excessive valgus (eversion).
Bone and cartilage changes following experimental varus or valgus tibial angulation.
The force of gravity acting on the long lever arm (the forearm), while the elbow is flexed and extended during apparently minimal-use activities leads to repetitive varus stresses across the elbow.
This was eventually resolved by surgical treatment with a posterior acetabuloplasty and femoral varus osteotomy with a favorable outcome.
There was no significant difference in the expression of collagen type I between varus and valgus angulation of the knee joint (for the anterior horn p = 0.
Cubitus varus deformity of humerus correction with modified lateral closed wedge Osteotomy.
reported the bipolar cup is not uncommonly fixed in an extreme varus position in the arthritic hip.
No patient had a clinically evident cubitus varus deformity, elbow hyperextension, or loss of motion at the time of the last clinical visit.
19 March 2014 - Russian grocery retailer X5 Retail Group has reached a deal to divest its Ukrainian chain to local sector player Varus for between USD5m (EUR3.
All her previous attempts to woe Varus have failed but her new magic will be successful, since the boy's organs will give her magic potency.
The lower limbs showed marked genu varus, shortening of all limb segments and flat, short feet.
These include neuromuscular disorders; nerve entrapment syndromes; the diabetic foot; hellux valgus, hallix varus, and sesamoid disorders; lesser toe deformities and bunionettes; tendon disorders; heal and subcalcaneal pain; degenerative joint disease; acute ankle sprain, chronic ankle instability, and subtalar laxity; and trauma.