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abbreviation for a combination drug regimen, used in the treatment of cancer, containing three antineoplastics (vinCRIStine sulfate, methotrexate, and mercaptopurine) and a glucocorticoid (predniSONE).
vamppart of shoe upper; see Table 1
|The upper||That part of the shoe that covers and encloses the dorsal, medial, lateral and posterior aspects of the foot|
The upper may be made from a single piece of material, or from a number of shaped elements, including:
|Toe box||The space at the distal limit of the shoe|
|Toe puff||The stiffener that lines and maintains the shape of the toe box|
|Toe cap||An additional layer of upper material that overlies the toe box|
|Vamp||The part of the upper immediately overlaying the dorsum of the MTPJs (the part of the upper subjected to maximum flexing)|
|Tongue||The shaped strip of upper that lies between and under the facings and overlies the dorsum of the metatarsals and tarsus|
|Quarters||The close-fitting part of the shoe that encloses the medial and lateral aspects of the tarsus and heel and the posterior heel area|
|Heel counter||Shaped stiffeners that maintain the contour of the heel of the shoe|
|Backstay||A strip of material that overlies the back seam that joins the quarters at the posterior heel|
|Sole||That part of the shoe that covers and encloses the plantar aspect of the foot|
The sole is made of hard-wearing materials that both cushion and protect the foot
|Insole||The innermost part of the sole on which the foot rests, often cushioned|
|Shank||A metal strip extending from the middle of the heel to the tarsus|
|Bottom fillings||Infill material used to level out the space between the insole and the outsole where the shank is positioned (not including where the outsole is directly moulded to the upper)|
|Welt||A strip of leather stitched between the upper and the outsole|
|Outsole||The part of the shoe in direct contact with ground surface, made of a material that withstands hard wear, shock-absorbs and aids traction|
|Heel||Lifts added to the area of the outsole area that lies under the rearfoot|
MTPJ, metatarsophalangeal joint.