valley fever


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Related to valley fever: Rift Valley fever

coccidioidomycosis

 [kok-sid″e-oi″do-mi-ko´sis]
a fungal disease caused by infection with Coccidioides immitis. The fungus grows in hot, dry areas, especially in the southwestern United States, Mexico, and parts of Central and South America. Called also coccidioidosis and California disease. The disease occurs in a primary and in a secondary form. Primary coccidioidomycosis (called also valley fever and san joaquin valley fever) is due to inhalation of windborne spores and varies in severity from symptoms like those of the common cold to influenzalike symptoms. Secondary coccidioidomycosis is a virulent, chronic, progressive, granulomatous disease resulting in involvement of cutaneous and subcutaneous tissues, viscera, central nervous system, and lungs. Treatment consists primarily of rest. Antibiotics may be given to prevent secondary bacterial infection. Amphotericin B or ketoconazole may be used to reduce risk of extrapulmonary dissemination or in the hope of having a remission after dissemination occurs.

pri·mar·y coc·cid·i·oi·do·my·co·sis

a disease common in the San Joaquin Valley of California and certain additional areas in the southwestern U.S. as well as the Chaco region of Argentina, caused by inhalation of the arthroconidia of Coccidioides immitis; acute onset of respiratory symptoms accompanied by fever, aches, malaise, arthralgia, headache, and occasionally an early erythematous or papular eruption; erythema multiforme or erythema nodosum may appear.

valley fever

valley fever

A form of primary coccidioidomycosis, first described in San Joaquin Valley, California, and most common in white females
Diagnosis IgM antibody to mycelial phase antigen, coccidioidin, increased complement fixation antibody, increased latex agglutination
Management Ketoconazole, amphotericin B, miconazole

valley fever

A form of 1º coccidioidomycosis, first described in San Joaquin Valley, California, most common in white ♀ Clinical Fever, cough, pleuritic pain, arthralgia, erythema multiforme or nodosum Diagnosis IgM antibody to mycelial phase antigen, coccidioidin, ↑ Cf antibody, ↑ latex agglutination Management Ketoconazole, amphotericin B, miconazole.

val·ley fe·ver

(val'ē fē'vĕr)
Primary coccidiodomycosis; common in the San Joaquin Valley of California and other areas in the southwestern United States.
Synonym(s): San Joaquin Valley Fever.

valley fever

References in periodicals archive ?
Epidemic Rift Valley fever in Saudi Arabia: A clinical study of severe illness in humans.
founder of the Arizona Institute of Respiratory Medicine and Valley Fever Clinic, in Sun City West, AZ.
The mosquito-borne arboviruses that are potentially notifiable are yellow fever virus, West Nile virus, Rift Valley fever virus and Dengue virus.
In addition," he says, "we have ticks with Rift Valley fever carried in with tortoises imported from Africa, and exotic Newcastle disease introduced from the illegal bird trade, both turning up in California.
Coccidiomycosis, commonly known as Valley Fever, is an infectious disease caused by the arid soil-inhabiting fungus Coccidioides immitis.
Once commissioned, they broadened the scope of their medical research beyond typhus to include other known killers such as diarrhea, Rift Valley Fever, West Nile Virus and malaria.
The 39-year-old, who lost his tour card this year after finishing 220thon the money list,claims he caught valley fever, which affects the lungs,at the Tucson Open.
The 39-year-old has taken legal action because he claims he caught valley fever at the Tucson Open.
Meanwhile, Somalia's biggest exports, beef and camel meat, were banned 15 months ago for fear they might be contaminated with deadly Rift Valley fever.
For this reason camels are highly resistant to many deadly viral diseases, including foot-and-mouth, Rift Valley fever, rinderpest and African horse sickness.
My doctor told me that you can get Valley Fever from digging in the dirt.
Presents a synthesis of recent molecular with older classical epidemiology to understand the distribution, ebb and flow and human risk from Rift Valley fever, CCHF and Ngari viruses
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