vaginal candidiasis


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Related to vaginal candidiasis: Yeast infection, trichomoniasis

candidiasis

 [kan″dĭ-di´ah-sis]
infection by fungi of the genus Candida, generally C. albicans, most commonly involving the skin, oral mucosa (thrush), respiratory tract, or vagina; occasionally there is a systemic infection or endocarditis. It is most often associated with pregnancy, glycosuria, diabetes mellitus, or use of antibiotics. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has found that in the United States this condition is the fourth most common cause of nosocomial infections of the blood stream. Called also candidosis and moniliasis.

The most prominent symptom of vaginitis due to Candida infection is severe itching. Sexual transmission is unlikely. Intravaginal cream containing miconazole or clotrimazole, applied each night for one week, usually clears up the infection. Difficulty or pain with swallowing, or retrosternal pain, may indicate candidiasis of the esophagus. Systemic antifungal therapy is indicated for esophagitis and other more severe forms of the disease. Therapeutic options include ketoconazole, fluconazole, and amphotericin b. Chronic suppressive therapy is sometimes required for severely immunocompromised patients. The Infectious Disease Society of America has published “Practice Guidelines for the Treatment of Candidiasis” on their web site, http://www.idsociety.org.
atrophic candidiasis oral candidiasis marked by erythematous, pebbled patches on the hard or soft palate, buccal mucosa, and dorsal surface of the tongue, a complication of numerous different conditions such as vitamin deficiency, diabetes mellitus, or poorly fitting dentures. There are acute forms and a chronic form called denture stomatitis.
bronchopulmonary candidiasis candidiasis of the respiratory tree, occurring in a mild afebrile form manifested as chronic bronchitis, and in a usually fatal form resembling tuberculosis. Called also bronchocandidiasis.
chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis a group comprising a number of varying forms of Candida infection, marked by chronic candidiasis of the skin and nails and the mucous membranes of the mouth and vagina that is resistant to treatment; it may be localized or diffuse, is sometimes familial, and may be associated with disorders of the immune and endocrine systems.
endocardial candidiasis Candida endocarditis.
oral candidiasis thrush.
pulmonary candidiasis a type of fungal pneumonia caused by infection with Candida species, seen especially in immunocompromised patients or those with malignancies. Called also Candida pneumonia.
vaginal candidiasis (vulvovaginal candidiasis) candidal infection of the vagina, and usually also the vulva, commonly characterized by itching, creamy white discharge, vulvar redness and swelling, and dyspareunia. Called also Candida or candidal vaginitis and Candida or candidal vulvovaginitis.

vaginal candidiasis

vaginal candidiasis

Vaginal mycosis, vaginal thrush, vaginal yeast infection Gynecology Infection of the lower ♀ gentital tract with Candida spp, usually C albicans, a fungus normally found in the flora of the vagina, mouth, GI tract, skin–±25% of ♀ have Candida spp; Sx appear when the balance with other saprobes is changed, favoring candidal growth–eg, after antibiotics, especially tetracycline; related to estrogen-based OCs, DM, immunocompromise–eg, AIDS. See Candidiasis.
References in periodicals archive ?
Previously, researchers suggested that the therapeutic effects of vaginal cream, yogurt and honey is not only similar with clotrimazole vaginal cream but is more effective in relieving some symptoms of vaginal candidiasis.
Present study shows Bacterial Vaginosis was the highest (51%) followed by Vaginal Candidiasis (30%) and Trichomoniasis (18%) and mixed infections are seen in 15% in the studied population with normal vaginal flora seen in 16 (16%).
Authors concluded that vaginal Calendula cream appears to be effective in the treatment of vaginal candidiasis and to have a delayed but greater long-term effect compared to clotrimazole.
In this study, we determined the prevalence and risk factors associated with vaginal candidiasis in clinically symptomatic and asymptomatic cases of pregnant women in Serdang Hospital, Malaysia.
Antimicrobial activity of clove oil and its potential in the treatment of vaginal candidiasis.
Itraconazole is approved for the treatment of both onychomycosis and vaginal candidiasis outside the United States, and for onychomycosis in the United States.
Evaluation of two self-care treatments for prevention of vaginal candidiasis in women with HIV.
Fluconazole is indicated for the treatment of vaginal candidiasis (vaginal yeast infections due to candida), oropharyngeal and esophageal candidiasis, and cryptococcal meningitis.
Thrush - a Candida infection of the mouth and throat - is acknowledged by the medical establishment, as is vaginal Candidiasis in women.
The Food and Drug Administration granted its first approval for an OTC product to treat vaginal candidiasis (clotrimazole) on November 30, 1990.