urachal sinus

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Related to urachal sinus: Urachal cyst

urachal sinus

dilation of part of the urachus at the umbilical end, either congenitally or as a result of a urachal cyst that has begun to drain to the surface.

urachal sinus

A communicating tract from a patent urachus, which drains to the umbilicus, and causes episodic infections.

Clinical findings
Children may present with periumbilical tenderness, pus or granulation tissue at the umbilicus; this last is often linked to multiple applications of silver nitrate, based on the erroneous assumption that the sinus was residual umbilical cord.


1. a recess, cavity, or channel, as (a) one in bone or (b) a dilated, valveless channel for venous blood.
2. an abnormal channel or fistula, permitting escape of pus. In common, unqualified usage, the word sinus refers to any of the cavities in the skull that are connected with the nasal cavity—the paranasal sinuses.

anal s's
furrows, with pouchlike recesses at their distal ends, separating the rectal columns; called also anal crypts.
basilar sinus
a dural venous sinus which runs on the floor of the cranial cavity and out through the foramen magnum.
cavernous sinus
an irregularly shaped venous channel between the layers of dura mater of the brain, one on either side of the body of the sphenoid bone and communicating across the midline. Several cranial nerves and, when present, the rete mirabile, course through this sinus.
cavernous sinus syndrome
lesions of the cavernous syndrome, caused by neoplasia or infectious agents, result in a dilated pupil and paralysis of the globe; vision is usually spared.
cerebral sinus
one of the ventricles of the brain.
cervical sinus
a temporary depression in the neck of the embryo containing the branchial arches.
circular sinus
the venous channel encircling the pituitary gland, formed by the two cavernous sinuses and the anterior and posterior intercavernous sinuses.
conchal sinus
cavity of the conchal bone.
coronary sinus
the terminal portion of the great cardiac vein, which lies in the cardiac sulcus between the left atrium and ventricle, and empties into the right atrium.
dermoid sinus, dermal sinus
see dermoid sinus.
dorsal sagittal sinus
a large dural venous sinus located within the falx cerebri.
dura mater venous sinus
large channels for venous blood forming an anastomosing system between the layers of the dura mater of the brain.
ethmoidal sinus
that paranasal sinus consisting of the ethmoidal cells collectively, and communicating with the nasal meatuses.
facial sinus
see malar abscess.
frontal sinus
one of the paired paranasal sinuses in the frontal bone, each communicating with the middle meatus of the ipsilateral nasal cavity.
hair sinus
see sinus hair.
infraorbital sinus
an air-filled recess in the head of birds which lies lateral to the nasal cavity into which it opens.
intercavernous sinus
channels connecting the two cavernous sinuses, one passing anterior and the other posterior to the stalk of the pituitary gland.
interdigitalis sinus
the cutaneous pouch, which lies between the claws of sheep and some other ruminants and whose wall contains apocrine glands, and whose duct surfaces on the skin just above the coronets; it serves as a trail gland.
lymphatic sinus
irregular, tortuous spaces within lymphoid tissues through which lymph flows.
maxillary sinus
one of the paired paranasal sinuses in the body of the maxilla on either side, opening into the middle meatus of the ipsilateral nasal cavity. In the horse it is divided into two compartments that communicate independently with the nasal chambers. All other sinuses of the horse communicate with the nasal chambers via the caudal maxillary sinus.
nasal sinus
see paranasal sinuses (below).
sinus nerve
a branch of the glossopharyngeal nerve; carries the afferent fibers of the stretch receptors in the wall of the carotid sinus.
sinus node
see sinoatrial node.
occipital sinus
a venous sinus between the layers of dura mater, passing along the midline of the cerebellum.
paranasal s's
mucosa-lined air cavities in bones of the skull, communicating with the nasal cavity and including ethmoidal, frontal, maxillary and sphenoidal sinuses.
petrosal sinus (inferior)
a venous channel arising from the cavernous sinus and draining into the internal jugular vein.
petrosal sinus (superior)
one arising from the cavernous sinus and draining into the transverse sinus of the dura mater.
prostatic sinus
the dorsolateral recess between the seminal colliculus and the wall of the urethra.
pulmonary trunk sinus
spaces between the wall of the pulmonary trunk and cusps of the pulmonary valve at its opening from the right ventricle.
red pulp sinus
vascular storage in the spleen into which capillaries empty.
sinus reflex arc
afferent fibers are in the sinus nerve; these connect with the cardioinhibitory and vasomotor centers which control blood pressure and heart rate via sympathetic fibers to blood vessels; provides a route for the sinus reflex which relates pressure in the carotid sinus to the performance of the circulatory system.
renal sinus
a recess in the substance of the kidney, occupied by the renal pelvis, calices, vessels, nerves and fat.
sagittal sinus (inferior)
a small venous sinus of the dura mater of large animals found between the cerebral hemispheres and opening into the straight sinus.
sagittal sinus (superior)
a venous sinus of the dura mater that courses between the cerebral hemispheres and ends in the confluence of sinuses.
scleral venous sinus
sigmoid sinus
a venous sinus of the dura mater on either side, continuous with the straight sinus and draining into the internal jugular vein of the same side.
sphenoidal sinus
one of the paired paranasal sinuses in the body of the sphenoid bone of some species. In the horse it communicates with the nasal cavity via the frontal and caudal maxillary sinuses.
sphenoparietal sinus
one of the venous sinuses of the dura mater, emptying into the cavernous sinus.
splenic sinus
dilated venous channels in the substance of the spleen. See also red pulp sinus (above).
straight sinus
a venous sinus of the dura mater formed by junction of the great cerebral vein and inferior sagittal sinus, and ending in the confluence of sinuses.
tarsal sinus
a space between the calcaneus and talus.
tentorial sinus
straight sinus.
transverse dura mater sinus
a large venous sinus that runs in the attached border of the cerebellar tentorium on either side of the skull.
transverse pericardial sinus
a passage within the pericardial sac, between the aorta and pulmonary trunk cranioventrally, and the left atrium and cranial vena cava dorsally.
tympanic sinus
a deep recess on the medial wall of the middle ear.
urachal sinus
an anomalous closure of the urachal canal in the newborn in which the opening at the umbilicus remains open. The bladder is normal. It is the cause of persistent infection and swelling at the umbilicus in the young animal and may lead to cystitis and pyelonephritis.
urethral s
a small cavity in the glans penis of the horse, above the urethral process; as a recess of the fossa glandis it is usually filled with a small mass (bean) of inspissated smegma.
urogenital sinus
an elongated sac formed by division of the cloaca in the early embryo, which ultimately forms most of the vestibule, urethra and vagina in the female, and some of the urethra in the male.
uterine sinus
venous channels in the wall of the uterus in pregnancy.
uteroplacental sinus
blood spaces between the placenta and uterine sinuses.
venae caval sinus
the posterior portion of the right atrium into which the inferior and the superior vena cava open.
sinus venarum
a chamber which is the greater part of the right atrium into which the great veins discharge.
venous sinus, sinus venosus
1. the common venous receptacle in the heart of the early embryo that receives blood from the umbilical and vitelline veins and from the body via the ducts of Cuvier.
2. sinus of venae cavae.
vertebral sinus
a continuation of part of the common occipital vein in birds; it emerges from the foramen magnum and accompanies the vertebral vein.