reading places the Incarnation of Christ at the founding center of history, so that the Incarnation orders and gives meaning to all that went before it, and all that may come after.
13) My account adds to these explanations but argues something different: that the literal Crusoe and the allegorical Crusoe are intended to be read together and in fact are inseparable through the text's use of typology, but that the typological
hermeneutics of reading depicted in and employed by the text is limited theologically and needs to be recognized as such.
And it was evangelicals, as George Landow points out, who were responsible for the large-scale "revival of interest in typological
interpretations of the Bible" (343-44), even as eighteenth-century theology, philosophy, and philology were undermining typology's claim to reconcile the literal sense of scripture with the overarching scriptural narrative and leading to its supersession in Protestant theology and its marginalization in discussions of doctrine.
The topic is also related to an international project with the participation of Helle Metslang the aim of which is to create a typological
database of the Uralic languages.
by his thorough and systematic employment of [such] typological
patterns" (37) and, in the process, he identifies Milton's "fit readers" as those who have learned how to read God's signs in confronting such patterns.
The following fourteen chapters aim "at a cross-linguistic account of SVCs in typological
perspective, in terms of the parameters outlined in [Aikhenvald's] introductory chapter" (p.
But the cities' shared typological
cosmopolitanism is arguably what most connects Venice's Old Jew (who refers to himself as "Old Shylock" [2.
Along with frequent detours to questions of evidence, Varghese's first section, which he calls "Montage," skillfully summarizes early Christian doctrine and devotion to Mary, including quotations from Church fathers and the typological
traditions of Mary as a New Eve and the Ark of the Covenant.
of the fathers and that of the mothers," we should understand him to be utilizing typological
categories, in which case the paternal massorah should be associated primarily but not exclusively with males, while the maternal massorah should similarly be associated primarily but not exclusively with females.
In addition to Jurafsky's typological
findings, I believe that contemporary descriptions of the nature of "caretaker speech" also provide insight into the etymology of -y, -ie.
idea of "race"] asserts that every representative of a race conforms to the type and is separated from the representatives of any other race by a distinct gap.
The treatment of some issues, like the role of women and the typological
confusion that continues to bedevil such studies, could have been more critically developed.