Kusy, Frictional evaluations of dental typodont models using four self-ligating designs and a conventional design, Angle Orthod, 75(1), 75-85(2005).
Baek, Comparison of frictional forces during the initial leveling stage in various combinations of self-ligating brackets and archwires with a custom-designed typodont system, Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop, 133(2),187.
They practiced on a typodont
first and subsequently on adult volunteers until they became proficient in obtaining intra-oral images.
2) This is similar to the education of hygienists today, where students use typodont
models to learn and master scalers and curettes, grasp, fulcrum and strokes before being introduced to a live patient.
One-third of the root was covered with a mixture of modeling wax and sticky wax in the ratio 1:1 and the remaining portion was embedded in the self-cure acrylic, which formed the base of the typodont.
The explanation he gave was that it could be attributed to progressive increase in the displacement of the teeth in the typodont.
Participants were trained with a typodont
and formatively evaluated by the students for accurate instrumentation and assessment techniques.
Thus, the dental hygiene students were responsible for the following procedures: probing, exploring, performing periodontal debridement, root planing if necessary, polishing if indicated, educating the patient on oral health and demonstrating proper toothbrushing and flossing techniques on a typodont
and in the patient's mouth.
I used my dental materials course as a way to teach my students much of what I had learned in restorative dentistry: instead of merely mixing the restorative materials, the students condensed and carved restorations into typodont
The second year includes lab study with typodonts
and the students working on each other.