tuberculous spondylitis


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Related to tuberculous spondylitis: pyogenic spondylitis

tu·ber·cu·lous spon·dy·li·tis

tuberculous infection of the spine associated with a sharp angulation of the spine at the point of disease.
Synonym(s): Pott disease

tuberculous spondylitis

a rare, grave form of tuberculosis caused by the invasion of Mycobacterium tuberculosis into the spinal vertebrae. The intervertebral disks may be destroyed, resulting in the collapse and wedging of affected vertebrae and the shortening and angulation of the spine. Thoracic vertebrae are more frequently involved than the vertebrae of the lumbar, cervical, or sacral segments of the spine. More than one area of the spine may be affected, and normal vertebrae may be evident between affected sections. The infection characteristically dissects vertebrae anterolaterally and produces abscesses. The pressure of the abscess may cause ischemic paralysis in the subjacent spinal cord, and abscesses in the cervical area may displace or obstruct the trachea and the esophagus. Treatment requires an extended regimen of at least three anti-tuberculosis drugs. Also called Pott's disease, spinal caries. See also tuberculosis.

tu·ber·cu·lous spon·dy·li·tis

(tū-bĕr'kyū-lŭs spon'di-lī'tis)
Tuberculous infection of the spine associated with a sharp angulation of the spine at the point of disease.
Synonym(s): Pott disease.

Pott,

Sir Percivall, English surgeon, 1713-1788.
Pott abscess - tuberculous abscess of the spine.
Pott aneurysm - dilation and tortuosity of a vein resulting from an acquired communication with an adjacent artery. Synonym(s): aneurysmal varix
Pott curvature - a gibbous deformity, i.e., a sharp angulation of the spine, occurring in Pott disease. Synonym(s): angular curvature
Pott disease - tuberculous infection of the spine associated with a sharp angulation of the spine at the point of disease. Synonym(s): tuberculous spondylitis
Pott eversion osteotomy
Pott fracture - fracture of the lower part of the fibula and of the malleolus of the tibia, with outward displacement of the foot.
Pott gangrene - dry gangrene occurring in the aged in consequence of occlusion of an artery, particularly affecting the extremities. Synonym(s): senile gangrene
Pott paralysis - Synonym(s): Pott paraplegia
Pott paraplegia - paralysis of the lower part of the body and the extremities due to pressure on the spinal cord as the result of tuberculous spondylitis. Synonym(s): Pott paralysis
Pott puffy tumor - a circumscribed swelling of the scalp indicating an underlying osteitis of the skull or an extradural abscess.
Pott spinal curvature
Pott I syndrome - Synonym(s): Dupuytren fracture
Pott II syndrome - dry gangrene caused by arterial obstruction. Synonym(s): senile gangrene

TB spine

; tuberculous spondylitis; Pott's disease tuberculous (TB) infection of vertebral column; characterized by sharp spinal angulation (due to collapse of infected vertebra), with associated neurological symptoms (radiculopathy, due to compression of local nerve roots)

tu·ber·cu·lous spon·dy·li·tis

(tū-bĕr'kyū-lŭs spon'di-lī'tis)
Tuberculous infection of the spine associated with a sharp angulation of the spine at the point of disease.
Synonym(s): Pott disease.
References in periodicals archive ?
Frequencies and percentage were computed for gender, age, region of involvement, presence of fever and different patterns of tuberculous spondylitis.
Frequencies of different magnetic resonance imaging pattern of tuberculous spondylitis were contagious vertebrae involvement in 100% cases (n=140).
Table-I: Frequency of different magnetic resonance imaging pattern of tuberculous spondylitis with respect to gender (n=140).
This study on tuberculous spondylitis showed female preponderance (59.
Among different MRI patterns of tuberculous spondylitis, disc involvement, paravertrebral abscess and epidural abscess were the commonest (98.
Exclusion of tuberculous spondylitis by MRI scanning is also very important as it provides relief to patient and more so to treating physician.
In this study diagnosis of Spinal tuberculosis and its differentiation from pyogenic, as pointed in the introduction and results, was based on studies6,7 showing that a combination of well defined paraspinal abnormal signal and a thin and smooth abscess wall is seen in 90% of tuberculous spondylitis and 0% in pyogenic spondylitis.
Seeing these finding which are differentiating features for pyogenic spondylitis from tuberculous spondylitis, the radiology diagnosis of pyogenic spondylitis can be made with sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy values of were 80%, 100%, and 90%.
Discrimination of Tuberculous Spondylitis from Pyogenic Spondylitis on MRI.
MR imaging characteristics of tuberculous spondylitis vs vertebral osteomyelitis.