tropical sore


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tropical sore

cu·ta·ne·ous leish·ma·ni·a·sis

(kyū-tā'nē-ŭs lēsh'mă-nī'ă-sis)
Infection with promastigotes (leptomonads) of Leishmania tropica and of L. major inoculated into the skin by the bite of an infected sandfly, Phlebotomus (commonly P. papatasi); it is endemic in parts of the Middle East, northern Africa, and India. The ulcer begins as a papule that enlarges to a nodule and then breaks down into an ulcer. Two distinctive clinical and epidemiologic diseases are recognized, the more common and widespread zoonotic rural disease with a moist acute form, caused by L. major, with reservoir rodent hosts, and an urban, anthroponotic, dry, chronic form of leishmaniasis caused by L. tropica, without a reservoir host, and now largely controlled.
See: zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis
Synonym(s): Old World leishmaniasis, tropical sore.

sore

(sor)
1. Tender; painful.
2. Any type of tender or painful ulcer or lesion of the skin or mucous membrane.

bed sore

Pressure ulcer

canker sore

Aphthous ulcer.

cold sore

A thin-walled blister at the junction of the mucous membranes of the mouth and lips. It is caused by recurrent infection with herpes simplex virus (HSV) in those who have antibodies to HSV. Treatment is recommended only for immunocompromised patients, who are given acyclovir.
See: fever blister

Delhi sore

Cutaneous leishmaniasis.

desert sore

An ulcer of the skin of the arms or legs, sometimes caused by diphtheria or staphylococci, typically contracted in Australia or Burma.

hard sore

A syphilitic chancre; primary lesion of syphilis.

jungle sore

Infection of the skin or of poorly tended wounds by Corynebacterium diphtheriae, esp. in warm, moist, tropical climates.

Oriental sore

Cutaneous leishmaniasis.
Enlarge picture
PRESSURE SORE

pressure sore

Pressure ulcer.illustration

primary sore

The initial sore or hard chancre of syphilis.

soft sore

Chancroid.

soft venereal sore

A former name for
chancroid.

tropical sore

Cutaneous leishmaniasis.

wine sore

A slang term for a superficial infected area of the skin seen in alcoholics with poor personal hygiene. It is erroneously thought to be due to specific action of the wine.
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