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The origin and antiquity of syphilis revisited: an appraisal of Old World pre-Columbian evidence for treponemal infection.
Owing to the wide range of clinical presentations, however, the initial amount of treponemal antibody present in the sample varied greatly between patients.
Traditional algorithms recommend a nontreponemal assay for screening followed by a treponemal antibody test for confirmation of any initially reactive samples (Figure 2a, page 32).
Nontreponeamal testlerin treponemal testler He dogrulanmasi kesin tani icin gereklidir.
of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle) also point out that current genetic and molecular tools have broadened understanding of the role of treponemal infections beyond syphilis (e.
The result of the serum fluorescent treponemal antibody (FTA) absorption test was reactive.
9%) and the prevalence of active syphilis (RPR > 1:8 with positive treponemal confirmatory test) fell 80% (from 14.
The diagnosis of secondary syphilis usually can be confirmed with serological tests, which are either nonspecific, non-treponemal (reaginic) tests or specific treponemal tests (7).
It contains, for example, very informative passages on indigenous treponemal infections, particularly non-venereal endemic syphilis, so misunderstood by early European observers who confused it with introduced venereal syphilis and gonorrhoea.
An 18-year-old woman (gravida 1, para 0, last menstrual period September 27, 1995) presented for her first prenatal visit at 31 weeks' gestation, at which time she was reactive (1:32) for rapid plasmin reagin and had a 2+ fluorescent treponemal antibody.
These tests include the fluorescent treponemal antibody-absorption (FTA-ABS) test that can accurately detect 70 to 90 percent of cases.

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