traumatic peritonitis

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traumatic peritonitis

Acute peritonitis due to injury or wound infection.
See also: peritonitis


inflammation of the peritoneum. The cause may be infectious or chemical. Typical signs are rigidity and pain on palpation of the abdominal wall, absence of feces, severe toxemia and fever. In horses there is a mild colic and in dogs and cats there is often effusion. Paracentesis may show evidence of inflammation.

acute diffuse peritonitis
in the early stages pain is evident all over the abdomen. There is soon a disappearance of pain, a profound toxemia develops and the disease may go undetected.
acute local peritonitis
added to the usual signs there is a sharp pain response over the site of the lesion.
adhesive peritonitis
peritonitis characterized by adhesions between adjacent serous structures.
aseptic peritonitis
see chemical peritonitis (below).
biliary peritonitis, bile peritonitis
that due to the presence of bile in the peritoneum; choleperitoneum. Is detected by the color of the fluid withdrawn by paracentesis. See also bile peritonitis.
chemical peritonitis
may be caused by leakage of bile, urine, gastric juices or pancreatic enzymes in acute pancreatitis. Infusion of irritant materials can cause a similar chemical irritation.
chronic peritonitis
is manifested by chronic toxemia, bouts of colic due to adhesions and an accumulation of exudate which may cause a visible distention of the abdomen. See also retroperitoneal abscess.
chylous peritonitis
an uncommon result of abdominal trauma or tumors, intestinal obstruction or lymphangiectasia.
egg peritonitis
peritonitis in birds due to release of an egg into the peritoneal cavity with subsequent infection by Escherichia coli which have ascended via the oviduct.
feline infectious peritonitis (FIP)
see feline infectious peritonitis.
idiopathic peritonitis
one caused by a primary infection of the peritoneal cavity, e.g. feline infectious peritonitis, or hematogenous spread from a noncontiguous site.
post-stripping peritonitis
fatal peritonitis occurring in cultured salmonid fish soon after stripping, sometimes before. Caused by a number of gram-positive cocci and coccobacilli; Carnobacterium piscicola considered to be the most important infection.
primary peritonitis
see idiopathic peritonitis (above).
septic peritonitis
secondary to disruption of the abdominal cavity or a hollow viscus, particularly leakage from the gastrointestinal tract.
silent peritonitis
asymptomatic peritonitis.
starch granulomatous peritonitis
talcum powder, and to a lesser extent, other powders used on surgical gloves can cause a granulomatous reaction on the peritoneum.
traumatic peritonitis
perforation of the gut wall or abdominal wall introducing infection into the peritoneal cavity. May result from stake or bite wound, inexpert passing of urinary or insemination catheter, sadistically by a broom handle in the vagina, or stabbing of the rumen as an emergency measure in acute ruminal tympany. See also traumatic reticuloperitonitis.
urine peritonitis
prolonged exposure of the peritoneum to urine, usually due to leakage from the bladder or a ureter, results in a peritonitis and the development of uremia. Bacterial infection may also be introduced.


1. pertaining to, resulting from, or causing trauma.
2. in cattle, and in all ruminants, a special meaning is perforation of the reticular wall by a swallowed foreign body.

traumatic hepatitis
penetration by a foreign body from externally via the skin or internally from the reticulum.
traumatic laminitis
traumatic liver abscess
caused usually by perforation of the stomach wall by a foreign body. Causes toxemia, leukocytosis, fever and pain on percussion over the posterior right ribs.
traumatic mastitis
see traumatic mastitis.
traumatic peritonitis
see traumatic peritonitis.
traumatic reticulopericarditis
caused by an extension of reticuloperitonitis, especially in cows in late pregnancy; characterized by congestive heart failure with marked edema of the brisket and jowl, 'washing machine' heart sounds and disappearance of the normal sounds. There is a marked leukocytosis, fever and toxemia.
traumatic reticuloperitonitis
caused by perforation of the reticular wall by a sharp foreign body in any ruminant but most common in adult dairy cows being fed processed feeds. Manifested by an acute fall in milk yield and appetite, a humped back and disinclination to move, pain on percussion over the xiphisternum, ruminal stasis, fever and a leukocytosis. Called also TRP, hardware disease, reticulitis, traumatic peritonitis.
traumatic reticulopleurisy
inflammation of the wall of the reticulum and nearby pleura of cattle caused by the penetration of a foreign body from the reticulum into the pleural cavity. Characterized by toxemia, fever, leukocytosis, pain on percussion over the ribs, fast shallow grunting respiration, elbows abducted.
traumatic reticulosplenitis
inflammation of the wall of the reticulum and nearby spleen of cattle caused by penetration of a foreign body into the spleen. Characterized by toxemia, leukocytosis, fever and pain on percussion over the upper posterior right ribs.
traumatic shock
see vasogenic shock.
traumatic splenitis
see traumatic reticulosplenitis (above).
traumatic wet lung
see shock lung.