transverse plane


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Related to transverse plane: Axial plane, anatomical position, Transverse myelitis, dorsal plane

plane

 [plān]
1. a flat surface determined by the position of three points in space.
2. an imaginary flat surface that divides the body into sections (see accompanying figure). adj., adj pla´nar.
3. a specified level, as the plane of anesthesia.
4. to rub away or abrade; see also planing and plastic surgery.
5. a superficial incision in the wall of a cavity or between tissue layers, especially in plastic surgery, made so that the precise point of entry into the cavity or between the layers can be determined.
Planes of section. Transverse, sagittal, and frontal planes of the body. From Applegate, 2000.
coronal p's frontal p's.
datum plane a given horizontal plane from which craniometric measurements are made.
frontal p's those planes passing longitudinally through the body, an organ, or a part, at right angles to the median plane and dividing into front and back portions. Called also coronal planes.
horizontal plane transverse plane.
median plane one passing longitudinally through the body, an organ, or a part from front to back, dividing it into right and left halves.
sagittal p's vertical planes through the body parallel to the median plane or the sagittal suture, dividing the body into unequal left and right portions.
transverse plane one passing horizontally through the body, an organ, or a part at right angles to the median and frontal planes, dividing it into upper and lower portions. Called also horizontal plane.
vertical plane one perpendicular to a horizontal plane, such as a sagittal plane, median plane, or frontal plane.

trans·verse plane

[TA]
a plane across the body at right angles to the coronal and sagittal planes; transverse planes are perpendicular to the long axis of the body or limbs, regardless of the position of the body or limb; in the anatomic position, transverse planes are horizontal planes; otherwise the two terms are not synonymous.
Synonym(s): plana transversalia [TA]

transverse plane

any one of the planes cutting across the body perpendicular to the sagittal and the frontal planes (at right angles to the long axis of the body), dividing the body into superior and inferior parts. Also called cardinal horizontal plane. Compare frontal plane, median plane, sagittal plane.

trans·verse plane

(trans-vĕrs' plān) [TA]
A plane across the body at right angles to the coronal and sagittal planes.

transverse plane

a plane perpendicular to the long axis of a body or object dividing it (e.g. the human body) into upper and lower parts. See also planes.

cardinal planes of the body

frontal (coronal), sagittal (median) and horizontal (transverse) planes of the body, each of which is oriented on the three planes of space
  • coronal/frontal plane plane equally dividing anterior and posterior aspects; it lies at right angles to sagittal and horizontal planes

  • horizontal/transverse plane plane parallel to the ground or horizontal surface; equally dividing superior and inferior areas; it lies at right angles to both sagittal and frontal planes

  • sagittal/median plane plane equally dividing left and right sides; it lies at right angles to both transverse and frontal planes

transverse plane,

n any plane that passes through the body perpendicular to the sagittal dividing the body into superior and inferior sections. Also called
horizontal plane.

trans·verse plane

(trans-vĕrs' plān) [TA]
Plane across body at right angles to coronal and sagittal planes; perpendicular to long axis of body or limbs, regardless of position of body or limb; in the anatomic position, they are horizontal; otherwise two terms not synonymous.

plane

1. a flat surface determined by the position of three points in space.
2. a specified level, as the plane of anesthesia.
3. to rub away or abrade. See also planing and plastic surgery.
4. a superficial incision in the wall of a cavity or between tissue layers, especially in plastic surgery, made so that the precise point of entry into the cavity or between the layers can be determined.

coronal plane
frontal plane, an ambiguous term when applied to quadrupeds and bipeds.
dorsal plane
any plane passing longitudinally through the body from side to side, at right angles to the median plane and dividing the body into dorsal and ventral parts. Called also coronal plane, frontal plane.
horizontal plane
one passing through the body at right angles to the median plane, and dividing the body into upper and lower parts.
inclined plane
an intraoral acrylic or metal appliance used in orthodontics to guide a tooth into a new position by using pressure applied when the mouth is closed normally. Commonest use is to move canines laterally.
median plane
one passing longitudinally through the body from front to back and dividing it into right and left halves.
nasal plane
the space between the nostrils.
nasolabial plane
the extension of the nasal plane between the nostrils into the upper lip in cattle.
nuchal plane
the flat surface at the back of the occipital bone below the nuchal crest.
rostral plane
the bare area on the dorsum of the snout of the pig.
sagittal plane
a vertical plane through the body parallel to the median plane (or to the sagittal suture) and dividing the body into left and right portions.
transverse plane
one passing through the body, at right angles to the sagittal and dorsal planes, and dividing the body into cranial and caudal portions.
vertical plane
one perpendicular to a horizontal plane, dividing the body into left and right, or front and back portions.
References in periodicals archive ?
The article describes experiments for collecting ankle kinematics and kinetics in the sagittal, frontal, and transverse planes during sidestep cutting and comparing the results with walking along a straight path.
In the transverse plane, a torsed appendix testis presents as a heterogeneous structure medial to the testicle (Figure 13).
We chose a transverse plane torsion adapter with adjustable torsion stiffness (4R85, Otto Bock; Duderstadt, Germany) for the present study (Figure 1(a)).
Gait kinematics and kinetics were calculated with workstation software, and peak internal (positive by convention) and external (negative by convention) transverse plane rotation moments at the ankle, knee, and hip were extracted from each trial using the Event Analyzer software (Vaquita Software; Zaragoza, Spain) and then averaged across trials for each condition.
Also, measurements at different angles in the transverse plane will allow direct validation of the approximation for transversely isotropic symmetry.
6a the velocities in the transverse plane of the second kneading element are shown for a stagger angle of 90 [degrees], a rotation speed of 200 [rpm], and throughput 20 [ml/s].
5, streamwise velocity contours in the jet near field are given at different flow transverse planes.
The device also offers improved 3-dimensional imaging, with views of both sagittal and transverse planes, to ensure that the brachytherapy radioactive seed implants are accurately placed at physicians' pre-planned targets.
The technique provides real-time simultaneous images of the prostate in both the sagittal and transverse planes.
The deformation is such transverse planes continue to remain (Hill, 1950).
The sections of the longitudinal planes with the transverse planes define the centers the radii of bending.

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