Apart from 2 cases rest of the transposed Brachio-basilic fistulae are functioning well.
Oliver MJ et al evaluated the clinical outcomes of the three major types of upper arm vascular access transposed Brachio-basilic fistulae, Brachio-cephalic fistulae and prosthetic grafts7.
primary failure rates of 18%, 15%, and 38% for transposed Brachio-basilic fistulae, prosthetic grafts and Brachio-cephalic fistulae, respectively.
In our study 92% of patients had a previous vascular access before transposed Brachio-basilic fistula which is higher than the studies discussed.
Coburn et al9 compared the patency rate and complications of transposed Brachio-basilic fistulae with prosthetic grafts.
In case of failure of transposed Brachio-basilic we are left with option of prosthetic graft on the same side or transposed Brachio-basilic on the contralateral side.
Oliver MJ, McCann RL, Indridason OS, Butterly DW, Schwab SJ: Comparison of transposed brachiobasilic fistulas to upper arm grafts and brachiocephalic fistulas.
In the oil and gas sector, Belgium has still not transposed Directive 94/22/EC on conditions for granting and using authorisations for the prospection, exploration and production of hydrocarbons.
However, Council Directive 93/76/EEC to limit carbon dioxide emissions by improving energy efficiency (SAVE) has now been transposed by all Member States.