All but 1 individual were present in the transect
that was located along the northern talus-dominated shoreline of the lake (Fig.
We monitored vegetation along each of the 10 transects
to identify changes in plant species composition and live-canopy cover over the 33-year period of 1981-2014.
were established following Peres (1999); cut with a machete, directed with a compass, and marked every 50 m with flagging and using a handheld GPS (Garmin GPSmap 62s).
Pygmy rockfish accounted for 70% of the 5-cm-TL fish and 51% of 10-cm-TL fish from the ROV transects
but for only 26% of 5-cm-TL fish and 40% of 10-cm-TL fish from the HOV transects
The evidence here does however suggest that spatial autocorrelation in pine marten detections operates at a small scale and that data from earlier surveys can therefore be reanalysed using occupancy modelling techniques, provided locations of transects
and detected scats were recorded and that scats were selected for genetic analysis independently.
Similar trends were also recorded in the mean transect
count population in different vulture colonies during the study period.
Furthermore, the recorded transects
can be used to quantify habitat characteristics on a fine and broadscale (Spencer et al.
Finally, D was normalized so that all distances were in the interval [0,1], thus providing a scale-free representation of each specimen in a common multivariate-morphometric space, allowing the direct comparison of the two transects
in terms of morphological distance.
In each sampling plot, two line transects
were marked on which roe deer snow tracks crossing the transect
lines had been erased one day before the population census.
Standard errors were used to depict differences among mean values of vegetation structure within transects
2] for all transects
for Sep fitted with a significant P < 0.
Lastly, the area sampled for fruits actually corresponds to only a small fraction within the home range of primate groups and some of group sightings recorded may have been of primate groups moving between foraging areas well beyond the study transects
(Rovero and Struhsaker, 2007).