transcultural

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transcultural

 [trans-kul´chur-al]
transcultural nursing a humanistic and scientific area of nursing study and practice that focuses on how patterns of behavior in health, illness, and caring are influenced by the values and beliefs of specific cultural groups. It applies this knowledge in the planning and provision of culturally appropriate care. The assumptions of transcultural nursing are that the practices and caring behaviors of cultural groups related to health and illness may be identified and analyzed. The goal of such analysis is the development of a body of knowledge to serve as the basis of culturally relevant care.



The focus of transcultural nursing is the differences between cultural groups that require care providers to identify culture specific health and illness practices and caring behaviors as well as to identify behaviors that transcend cultural groups and appear to be universal human care practices. The scope of transcultural nursing is the delivery of personalized care in health promotion and maintenance, as well as illness situations.
History. The field of transcultural nursing represented a shift from the biophysiological and psychological models that dominated nursing in the 1950s to a broader theoretical framework. One early and consistent proponent of the field has been Madeleine M. Leininger. Many other nurses and anthropologists have contributed significantly to the conceptualizations and research of transcultural nursing; some have used the terms cross-cultural and intercultural to describe their research and practice. These terms refer to the goal of gaining and using knowledge about cultural beliefs, values, and practices to plan culture-appropriate nursing interventions and/or to negotiate changes in health and health related behavior among different cultures.



Transcultural nursing is the blending of anthropological means of inquiry with nursing theories of intervention and practice, which have care as a critical component. Transcultural nursing incorporated a comparative method and holistic approach from anthropology as well as several anthropological concepts such as lifestyles, world view, life experiences, environmental contexts, and folk beliefs of cultural groups as a basis for understanding variations in human behavior. The comparative approach directs nurses not to treat all persons alike, but to adjust care to the culturally influenced expectations of the person and family. A nurse from mainstream American culture might be assertive when caring for other mainstream American clients, but might be less assertive when caring for Korean, Chinese, and Japanese clients who value less assertive behaviors.

The delivery of care that is culturally appropriate prevents unnecessary conflicts between clients and providers from varied cultural backgrounds. It also increases client satisfaction with care and may improve client adherence to a regimen that has been agreed upon with the nurse.

transcultural

(trăns-kŭl′tū-răl)
Affecting or pertaining to individuals of different ethnic, racial, or socioeconomic backgrounds.
See: table
SyndromeCultureMeaning
Caida de molleraLatin America“Sunken fontanel, ” i.e., dehydration. Thought to be caused by spells or hexes
LatahS.E. AsiaObsessive and repetitive use of vulgar language followed by obedient gesturing
Mal de ojoLatin America“Evil eye, ” i.e., a spell put on a child. Causes vomiting, belly pain, dehydration
PibloktoEskimo/InuitSudden manic madness, with subsequent amnesia of the event
Root; rootworkS.E. U.S.Hexing or healing through sorcery
TabankaTrinidadDepression and/or suicide after abandonment by a wife
TarantismMediterraneanUncontrollable stupor, melancholy, and manic dancing attributed to the bite of the tarantula
Windigo (witiko)Native AmericanCannabalism as a result of spirit possession
YonakiJapaneseA sleep-disorder of childhood, marked by separation anxiety and nocturnal crying
ZarNorthern African/Middle EasternSpirit possession
References in periodicals archive ?
Schmid seems to draw on an ideal image of friendship, which cannot be assumed to be the norm transculturally, although it might be desirable.
The goal of this research was to 1) translate / transculturally adapt the original (English-language) FCCS-FCB to produce a Mexican-Spanish version and 2) determine its validity and reliability among a population with diabetes in Tijuana, Mexico.
The original version of the ADDQoL in English was translated and transculturally adapted to Argentina by Perrotta and Irazola (15) showing an adequate reliability and validity.
And only the ability to transculturally cross over will guarantee us identity and competence in the long run.
If so, then there's no reason to take this argument seriously, which reopens the possibility of transculturally valid universal principles.
It is also a testimony to the complex socio-political and cultural questions that are raised when one tries to produce an 'exhibition' that is transculturally situated between artistic practices, disciplines (such as anthropology, art history and feminism), as well as theoretical and practical forms of knowledge.
The umbilical cord is transculturally significant, as is the placenta.
Jazz, then, can represent both a musical and a communal reflection of the culturally productive, transculturally creolized chaos-world envisioned by Glissant.
Thus she clearly imagines that the play will translate transnationally and transculturally to other post-conflict situations.
There is not one single universal meaning assigned to this gesture that might be transculturally and transtemporally valid.
The two events that Adoption Connections of Oregon is hosting will give people skills in parenting all adopted children, in particular kids adopted transracially or transculturally.
Occupying an ostensibly modernist position, Pavlovic implies that the "real text" of a Carbon 14 production subsists in its embodied expression of universal truths about subjectivity and experience that are brought to presence in the immediacy of performance through a transculturally legible bodily language (Pavlovic 24-26)--what Maheu himself refers to only as a "naive theatrical language which would address itself equally well to children and adults" (Styling 129).

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