transcranial magnetic stimulation

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transcranial magnetic stimulation

Neurology A technique in which a high-intensity, 1 msec magnetic pulse is administered over the skull, disrupting normal brain activity, causing neurons to misfire

transcranial magnetic stimulation

Abbreviation: TMS
The application of pulses from a magnetic coil to induce electrical currents in specific parts of the brain. This treatment has been used in experimental neuroscience to study the activity of different areas of the brain, and in psychiatry as a noninvasive alternative to electroconvulsive therapy.
See also: stimulation

Transcranial magnetic stimulation

A procedure used to treat patients with depression.

transcranial magnetic stimulation,

n a diagnostic tool comparable to a nerve conduction study; uses a surface magnetic impulse over a client's head, and electrical stimulation over the neck, thus resulting in stimulation of the upper motor neurons and nerve tract so that the timing of electrical impulse from the brain to the muscle can be measured. Has also been used to treat neurologic conditions, such as migraine, epilepsy, insomnia, depression, and alcoholism.
References in periodicals archive ?
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) as a non-invasive brain stimulation technique when given a high frequency of rTMS in the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex has been shown to reduce nicotine craving in those with nicotine dependence.
Anhedonia and reward-circuit connectivity distinguish nonresponders from responders to dorsomedial prefrontal repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in major depression.
Striatal dopamine release induced by repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation of the human motor cortex.
Magstim produces a range of one the most widely-used transcranial magnetic stimulation stimulators, used to investigate the connectivity of the brain <B
Based on an ICube proof of concept, the company has developed and commercializes the first robot specifically designed for Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS).
Recording and identified pyramidal volley evoked by transcranial magnetic stimulation in a conscious macaque monkey.
Durability of clinical benefit with transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) in the treatment of pharmacoresistant major depression: assessment of relapse during a 6-month, multisite, open-label study.
In 2008 the US Food and Drug Administration (US FDA) approved Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for the treatment of refractory Major Depressive Disorder in adults not responding to conventional pharmacological anti-depressant therapeutic modalities.
ISLAMABAD -- A single 15-minute session of high frequency transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) over the prefrontal cortex temporarily reduced cue-induced smoking craving in nicotine-dependent individuals, a new study has shown.
Present and future of the transcranial magnetic stimulation.
PHILADELPHIA -- An investigational, four-coil device for transcranial magnetic stimulation deep in the brain produced some striking cases of sustained pain relief when it was tested on five fibromyalgia patients in a pilot study.
Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation therapy, or TMS, is intended to provide an affordable, side-effect-free treatment for depression instead of the traditional drug therapies, which can have side effects and be costly.

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