trachitis


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Related to trachitis: laryngitis, bronchitis

tra·che·i·tis

(trā-kē-ī'tis),
Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the trachea.
Synonym(s): trachitis
[trachea + G. -itis, inflammation]

trachitis

tra·che·i·tis

(trā'kē-ī'tis )
Inflammation of the lining membrane of the trachea.
Synonym(s): trachitis.
[trachea + G. -itis, inflammation]

tracheitis

, trachitis (trā″kē-ī′tĭs) [Gr. tracheia, rough, + itis, inflammation]
Inflammation of the trachea most often caused by infection. It may be acute or chronic and may be associated with bronchitis and laryngitis.

Treatment

Patients must be monitored for signs of airway obstruction. Antibiotics are given when bacterial infection is the cause. In children the most common bacterial cause of infection is Staphylococcus aureus.

Patient care

Vital signs are monitored, and the patient is assessed for fever and acute airway obstruction (croupy cough, stridor) due to the presence of inflammation and thick secretions. Humidified oxygen is administered as prescribed, and suctioning is performed as necessary to remove secretions. If airway obstruction results in respiratory failure, emergency endotracheal intubation or tracheostomy is performed. The patient is comforted to reduce anxiety.

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