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tracheitis, trachitis (trā″kē-ī′tĭs) [Gr. tracheia, rough, + itis, inflammation]
Patients must be monitored for signs of airway obstruction. Antibiotics are given when bacterial infection is the cause. In children the most common bacterial cause of infection is Staphylococcus aureus.
Vital signs are monitored, and the patient is assessed for fever and acute airway obstruction (croupy cough, stridor) due to the presence of inflammation and thick secretions. Humidified oxygen is administered as prescribed, and suctioning is performed as necessary to remove secretions. If airway obstruction results in respiratory failure, emergency endotracheal intubation or tracheostomy is performed. The patient is comforted to reduce anxiety.