toxidrome


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toxidrome

 [tok´sĭ-drōm]
a specific syndromelike group of symptoms associated with exposure to a given poison.

tox·i·drome

(tok'si-drōm),
The constellation of symptoms and signs resulting from any given poison.

toxidrome

[tok′s-drōm]
a specific syndromelike group of symptoms associated with exposure to a given poison.

tox·i·drome

(tok'si-drōm)
The constellation of clinical effects (i.e., signs and symptoms) characteristic of poisoning by a given kind of poison.
See also: anticholinergic toxidrome, cholinergic toxidrome

toxidrome

a set of clinical signs that suggest a specific class of poisoning.
References in periodicals archive ?
A counterfeit Percocet cluster case was defined as 1) an opioid toxidrome (i.
Section 10: Laboratory Assessment of the Cholinergic Toxidrome Red Blood Cell (RBC) and Serum Cholinesterase.
3) As a result, the objectives of this retrospective review were (1) to identify the most common seasonal seafood vectors of Haff disease in the US; (2) to describe the most commonly recurring clinical and laboratory manifestations; and (3) to compare the Haff disease toxidrome with other similar seafood-poisoning toxidromes to further define the mechanisms of the seafoodborne poisoning and to expose potential causative aquatic toxins.
While the authors correctly draw distinctions between the clinical appearance of anticholinergic toxidrome and the sympathomimetic toxidrome commonly associated with cathinone ingestion we believe there are some additions that we can make; it is mentioned that a D.
Humans eating contaminated fish are susceptible to the toxidrome caused by the ciguatera toxin, which includes gastrointestinal upset followed by neurologic symptoms including paresthesias and hot-cold reversal (Friedman et al.
Case report: successful lipid resuscitation in multi-drug overdose with predominant tricyclic antidepressant toxidrome.
This clustering of symptoms and signs is called the opioid toxidrome, and should serve to guide therapy.
Because advanced laboratory techniques are usually not routinely and rapidly available in most hospitals, the emergency physician maybe left in a diagnostic quandary when a patient with apparent sympathomimetic toxidrome (agitation with tachycardia, hyperthermia, and/or hyperthermia) fails to display cocaine metabolites or amphetamines in the urine drug screen.
Common toxidromes in illicit drug use Toxidrome Features Drugs implicated Adrenergic Hypertension, tachycardia, Amphetamines, mydriasis, diaphoresis, cocaine, ephedrine, agitation, dry mucus membranes phencyclidine Sedative Stupor and coma, confusion, Barbiturates, slurred speech, apnoea benzodiazepines, ethanol, opiates Hallucinogenic Hallucinations, psychosis, Amphetamines, panic, fever, hyperthermia cannabinoids, cocaine Narcotic Altered mental status, slow Opiates shallow breaths, miosis, bradycardia, hypotension, hypothermia, decreased bowel sounds Epileptogenic Hyperthermia, hyperrreflexia, Cocaine, tremors, seizures phencyclidine Adapted from Devlin and Henry.
This toxidrome is identified by autonomic instability, neuromuscular changes, and altered mental status in a patient who has ingested a substance that could elevate serotonin levels, but typically resolves within 24 hours after the serotonergic agent is discontinued.
The first section, on general patient principles, covers toxidrome recognition, biodromes, and specific body systems.