A counterfeit Percocet cluster case was defined as 1) an opioid toxidrome
Organophosphate poisoning: the lesser-known face of a toxidrome
Section 10: Laboratory Assessment of the Cholinergic Toxidrome
Red Blood Cell (RBC) and Serum Cholinesterase.
3) As a result, the objectives of this retrospective review were (1) to identify the most common seasonal seafood vectors of Haff disease in the US; (2) to describe the most commonly recurring clinical and laboratory manifestations; and (3) to compare the Haff disease toxidrome
with other similar seafood-poisoning toxidromes
to further define the mechanisms of the seafoodborne poisoning and to expose potential causative aquatic toxins.
While the authors correctly draw distinctions between the clinical appearance of anticholinergic toxidrome
and the sympathomimetic toxidrome
commonly associated with cathinone ingestion we believe there are some additions that we can make; it is mentioned that a D.
Humans eating contaminated fish are susceptible to the toxidrome
caused by the ciguatera toxin, which includes gastrointestinal upset followed by neurologic symptoms including paresthesias and hot-cold reversal (Friedman et al.
Case report: successful lipid resuscitation in multi-drug overdose with predominant tricyclic antidepressant toxidrome
This clustering of symptoms and signs is called the opioid toxidrome
, and should serve to guide therapy.
Because advanced laboratory techniques are usually not routinely and rapidly available in most hospitals, the emergency physician maybe left in a diagnostic quandary when a patient with apparent sympathomimetic toxidrome
(agitation with tachycardia, hyperthermia, and/or hyperthermia) fails to display cocaine metabolites or amphetamines in the urine drug screen.
in illicit drug use Toxidrome
Features Drugs implicated Adrenergic Hypertension, tachycardia, Amphetamines, mydriasis, diaphoresis, cocaine, ephedrine, agitation, dry mucus membranes phencyclidine Sedative Stupor and coma, confusion, Barbiturates, slurred speech, apnoea benzodiazepines, ethanol, opiates Hallucinogenic Hallucinations, psychosis, Amphetamines, panic, fever, hyperthermia cannabinoids, cocaine Narcotic Altered mental status, slow Opiates shallow breaths, miosis, bradycardia, hypotension, hypothermia, decreased bowel sounds Epileptogenic Hyperthermia, hyperrreflexia, Cocaine, tremors, seizures phencyclidine Adapted from Devlin and Henry.
is identified by autonomic instability, neuromuscular changes, and altered mental status in a patient who has ingested a substance that could elevate serotonin levels, but typically resolves within 24 hours after the serotonergic agent is discontinued.
The first section, on general patient principles, covers toxidrome
recognition, biodromes, and specific body systems.