total knee replacement


Also found in: Acronyms.

total knee replacement

Orthopedics A procedure that substitutes a painful arthritic knee and articular surface with a synthetic device Indications Advanced osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis with disabling pain Complications Loosening of 1+ synthetic components, dislocation, femoral head fracture, infection, DVT, nerve damage Complications In elderly Pts, TKR carries ↑ risk of cardiovascular–CHF, arrhythmias, ischemia. AMI, syncope, neurologic–acute delirium, CVAs, hypoxic encephalopathy, new-onset dementia, depression, radiculopathy, peroneal nerve palsy. See Clinical decision-making.

to·tal knee re·place·ment

(TKR) (tō'tăl nē rĕ-plās'mĕnt)
Surgical procedure to remove the damaged or diseased joint completely and replace it with a man-made device to restore its function.

Patient discussion about total knee replacement

Q. Has anyone had a minimally invasive partial knee replacement? How did it go and are you pleased? I will be having one in the next few weeks and would just like some input. Thanks...

A. Hmm... Never underwent it myself, but you may read some more here:
http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00405

and you may also watch it here:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Cm6_qxd3P3Q

Take care,

Q. How successful s minimally invasive surgery for knee replacements?

A. Approximately 300,000 knee replacements are performed each year in the United States. and it said that 90% of the people who had a total knee replacement report an improvement in their function. i searched the CDC statistics for failure of the surgery and couldn't find any info about it. but as i said- it's a very common surgery. my grandmother had a hip joint replacement due to arthritis, it helped.
here is something that might help you to prepare for the surgery:

http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00220#Understand the Procedure

good luck!!

More discussions about total knee replacement
References in periodicals archive ?
Additionally, a health economics study showed that meniscus repair can result in cost savings because of the reduced risk of developing osteoarthritis or needing a total knee replacement.
The study found that patients who had a partial knee replacement are 40 per cent more likely to have a re-operation, known as revision surgery, during the first eight years after the replacement, than those that had a total knee replacement.
Her blog is summarized by Healthline in this statement: “Author Marie Buckner was in a car accident that resulted in multiple injuries, two years in a body cast, and total knee replacement.
Of that group, 3,647 were matched to controls with knee OA who had total knee replacement surgery without prior hyaluronic acid injections, Dr.
The Total Knee Replacement is a major surgery involving an incision of 6-8 inches, around half a liter blood loss, bone cutting which means usage of bone cement, high risk of infection, hospitalization of 5 to 10 days and long period of rehabilitation.
Development of hard-on-hard articulations has remained a challenge in total knee replacement, where high contact stresses that require significant mechanical performance have prevented the use of most available biomaterials.
Total knee replacement About 75% of patients needing knee replacement surgery are most suited to a standard total knee replacement.
Dr Abdul Azim AW Hussain said that the hospital has successfully done 20 total knee replacements within one year.
The patient with OA who, perhaps at age 75, has undergone a decade or more of physical and medical therapy, but still can't get a good night's sleep, carry grandchildren, or keep up with his spouse due to an unstable knee, should, if an x-ray reveals bone-on-bone contact, opt for total knee replacement.
I had a total knee replacement performed by Mr Agarwal on January 16.
DESCRIPTION: A user- friendly reference for decision making in complicated cases of knee arthroplasty desingned in a question and answers format composed of articles containing current concepts and preferences of experts in total knee replacement surgery, enhanced by several images, diagrams and references and written in the form of a casual advice by Craig J.
The team was honored for their paper, "Functional Outcomes after Total Knee Replacement (TKR) Varies with Patient Attribute.

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