total angle of Ruch

total angle of Ruch

sum of calcaneal inclination angle + Fowler and Philip angle; >75° strongly correlates with Haglund's deformity and retrocalcaneal bursitis Figure 1
Figure 1: Relationship angles of Haglund's deformity. x, superior calcaneal tuberosity angle; y, calcaneal inclination angle; z, total angle of Ruch. This article was published in Neale's Disorders of the Foot, Lorimer, French, O'Donnell, Burrow, Wall, Copyright Elsevier, (2006).
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