Veterinarians are now recommending a drug called toltrazuril
, which only must be given one time, and works on the whole life span of the protozoa.
5%, MSD Animal Health, Lucerne, Switzerland), toltrazuril
(20 mg/kg PO; Baycox 5%, Bayer, Germany), and fipronil (one pump stroke under each wing; Frontline spray, Merial SA, Toulouse, France).
Recently-published research has shown that using one dose of toltrazuril (Baycox) to treat lambs was an effective means of preventing and controlling the disease, killing coccidiosis at all intracellular stages.
Decoquinate (Deccox sheep premix), diclazuril (Vecoxan) and toltrazuril (Baycox) can be used for the treatment and prophylaxis of coccidiosis in lambs and the choice of medication will depend upon individual farm circumstances as prescribed by the vet.
Another synthetic symmetric triazinone, toltrazuril, which had significant efficacy in treating Dactylogyrus infestation by bath treatment (Schmahl and Mehlhorn 1988).
1973), which is similar with two conventional anthelmintic drugs such as praziquantel (Schmahl and Taraschewski 1987), and toltrazuril (Schmahl et al.
Yet we know that preventative treatment with toltrazuril
in calves prevents disease and leads to significant increases in weight gain in both dairy and beef cattle", said Dr Molento.
All birds were given prophylactic treatments with oxfendazole (10 mg/kg PO once) and praziquantel (10 mg/kg PO once), toltrazuril
(25 mg/kg PO once; Baycox, Bayer Australia Ltd, Pymble, NSW, Australia), topical pyrethrin and methoprene (Avian Insect Liquidator, Vetafarm Pty Ltd, Wagga Wagga, NSW, Australia), and doxycycline (50 mg/kg IM once).
Reasons to use toltrazuril include the growing resistance against other drugs, such as sulfonamides and amprolium, the extended effectiveness compared with other substances, for example, clazuril, and the ability of pigeons to develop immunity during treatment.
Key words: coccidiosis, Eimeria labbeana, Eimeria columbarum, immunity, toltrazuril, avian, pigeon, Columba livia forma domestica
5 mg per pigeon, clazuril has a higher efficacy of inhibiting oocyst shedding than toltrazuril.
Toltrazuril is also coccidiocidal, and its efficacy is independent of the degree of infection.