Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to thymidine: thymidine triphosphate, Thymidine monophosphate


a nucleoside of DNA.

thy·mi·dine (dThd),

1-(2-Deoxyribosyl)thymine; one of the four major nucleosides in DNA (the others being deoxyadenosine, deoxycytidine, and deoxyguanosine).


/thy·mi·dine/ (thi´mĭ-dēn) thymine linked to ribose, a rarely occurring base in rRNA and tRNA; frequently used incorrectly to denote deoxythymidine. Symbol T.


A nucleoside, C10H14N2O5, composed of thymine and deoxyribose.

thymidine (dThd)

one of the four major nucleosides in DNA. It is formed by the condensation of thymine with deoxyribose.


(dThd) (thī'mi-dēn)
1-(2-deoxyribosyl)thymine; one of the four major nucleosides in DNA (the others being deoxyadenosine, deoxycytidine, and deoxyguanosine).
Synonym(s): deoxythymidine.


a nucleoside of DNA.
References in periodicals archive ?
BNO-1055 had no significant effect on the uptake of docetaxel or 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), a pyrimidine analog and inhibitor of thymidylate synthetase (TYMS), a key enzyme for de novo thymidine synthesis (Fig.
The present paper comprises polarographic study of complexation of thymidine with metal ions Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) ions in aqueous media at three temperatures.
Ganciclovir chemoablation of herpes thymidine kinase suicide gene-modified tumors produces tumor necrosis and induces systemic immune responses.
Thymidine phosphorylase gene mutations in MNGIE, a human mitochondrial disorder.
Measurement of thymidine incorporation was first used to determine if the synergistic effects of mitomycin C and morphine on DNA damage are consistent with interference with repair processes by the opioid.
Reversibility of lipoatrophy in HIV-infected patients 2 years after switching from a thymidine analogue to abacavir: the MITOX Extension Study.
In DNA the bases are paired, forming the famous double helix; cytidine always pairs with guanosine, and thymidine always pairs with adenosine.
37) Multivariate analyses of data from the HIV Out-Patient Study (HOPS) cohort (23) indicate that the following are risk factors for lipoatrophy: exposure to and duration of thymidine analogs (particularly stavudine and zidovudine), age, CD4 T-cell count, viral load, duration of therapy in general, and White race.
Intended as a research tool, the T790M quantitative mutation assay detects the presence of a mutant thymidine base in a background of normal cytosine bases at position 2369 of the EGFR gene.
Biologic features and molecular characterization of hemagglutinin, thymidine kinase, and vaccinia growth factor genes suggested a vaccinia virus infection, which strengthens the idea of the reemergence and circulation of vaccinia virus in Brazil.
The HSV-1-derived vectors are non-neurovirulent and do not spontaneously reactivate from latency, and they optionally contain a functional HSV thymidine kinase gene, which can enhance the effectiveness against cancer of drug treatment with gancyclovir or acyclovir.
Following injection of [3H] thymidine, draining lymph nodes were radioassayed on day 6.

Full browser ?