thiocyanate


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thiocyanate

 [thi″o-si´ah-nāt]
the S=C=N anion or a salt or ester containing this ion. Thiocyanate is produced in the metabolism of cysteine and detoxification of cyanide and is excreted in the urine.

thi·o·cy·a·nate

(thī'ō-sī'ă-nāt),
A salt of thiocyanic acid.
Synonym(s): rhodanate, sulfocyanate

thiocyanate

/thio·cy·a·nate/ (-si´ah-nāt) a salt analogous in composition to a cyanate, but containing sulfur instead of oxygen.

thiocyanate

S=C=N– Toxicology A salt of thiocyanic acid that is a breakdown product of cyanide, which is ↑ in smokers, Pts receiving nitroprusside, and victims of smoke inhalation. See Cyanide.

thi·o·cy·a·nate

(thī'ō-sī'ă-nāt)
A salt of thiocyanic acid.
Synonym(s): rhodanate, sulfocyanate.

thiocyanate (thī´ōsī´ənāt),

n compound present in tobacco smoke derived from hydrogen cyanide, used to confirm the use of tobacco by an individual.

thiocyanate

a salt analogous in composition to a cyanate, but containing sulfur instead of oxygen and relatively nontoxic. It is one of the compounds produced in the body as a detoxicating mechanism. Continued ingestion can cause goiter.
References in periodicals archive ?
Opportunities from increasing research activities for increase in application scope of sodium thiocyanate
87 [micro]g/gC), urinary thiocyanate (1,180 [micro]g/gC), and urinary nitrate (676 mg/gC) concentrations.
Multiple linear regression was used to assess the association between the urine thiocyanate level and the exposure to gold mine activities, taking into account smoking, dietary exposure, and demographic characteristics.
Thiocyanate degradation by Acremonium strictum and inhibition by secondary toxicants.
The results show increased archaeal urease activity generating ammonia and thiocyanate in the disease states.
The adult oral dosage for an adult is approximately 500 mg three times daily, but it can be increased or decreased depending upon the patient's clinical response and the results of serum thiocyanate levels.
The order of the inhibiting percentage is black > red > white in each growth stage from varieties of Thai rice extracts using the thiocyanate method.
Elevated whole blood cyanide and thiocyanate have been found in smokers [12].
The product at 150[degrees]C contained a mixed structure of thiocyanate and isothiocyanate, while the product at 190[degrees]C consisted only of the isothiocyanate.
The HCN content in cassava, after entering the animal, is converted to thiocyanate (SCN-), an antioxidant that stimulates immunity (Utarak, 2008).
The investigators found that the antimicrobial activity of the LPS system on target bacteria changed according to the concentrations of hydrogen peroxide and potassium thiocyanate.
Thiocyanate, a major component of smoke, derived from hydrogen cyanide leads to increased excretion of iodine, inhibits iodide uptake by the thyroid, competes with iodide in the organification process (Ermans et al.