thermoneutral environment

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thermoneutral environment

Etymology: Gk, thermē + L, neutralis, neutral; ME, environ, around
1 an environment that keeps body temperature at an optimum point at which the least amount of oxygen is consumed for metabolism.
2 an environment that enables a neonate to maintain a body temperature of 97.7° F (36.5° C) with a minimal requirement of energy and oxygen.


(en-vi'ron-ment, vi'ern-) [Fr. environ, around]
The surroundings, conditions, or influences that affect an organism or the cells within it.

built environment

The physical structure of cities, homes, and workplaces. How humans interact with the structures they design and construct influences a variety of health concerns, including accessibility, childhood and geriatric safety, the likelihood of injuries or illnesses, the mental health of the population, and the quality of shared environmental resources, e.g., air and water.

hostile work environment

Place of employment in which a reasonable person would find conditions that are abusive or intolerable. Prohibited conduct may take place repeatedly and may include physical intimidation; sexual harassment; or political, racial, religious, or sex-based discrimination.

least restrictive environment

1. An environment that enables an adult to function with as much choice and self-direction as safely appropriate.
2. An educational environment that enables a child to learn without constraining opportunities for normal interaction or social development.

neutral thermal environment

In the care of newborn infants, maintenance of ambient temperatures in an incubator within 0.5° C of the newborn's body temperature, to avoid heat or cold stress, and to optimize energy use and oxygen consumption.
Synonym: neutrothermal environment; thermoneutral environment

neutrothermal environment

Neutral thermal environment.

protective environment

1. Any setting in which vulnerable people (such as adolescents, the elderly, or those with a history of mental illness or drug dependence) are cloistered for therapeutic reasons.
2. A room or unit in a hospital with positive atmospheric pressure relative to its surroundings.

thermoneutral environment

Neutral thermal environment.

virtual learning environment

A form of computer-assisted education in which students participate in their studies by accessing recorded lectures, case-based tutorials, weblinks, audio and video clips, and e-mail, instead of gathering in a single geographically limited location for group lectures and laboratory study.
References in periodicals archive ?
Apolipoprotein B100 (ApoB100), total protein, and glucose levels in crossbred cows in hot and thermoneutral environments during the transition period (Mean SE)
Cholesterol, triglycerides, NEFA, and bHBA levels in crossbred cows in hot and thermoneutral environments during the transition period (Mean SE)
Effects of hot environment on physiological parameters: The respiration rate, heart rate and rectal temperature of the animals in the first thermoneutral environment and the second the rmoneutral environment was 38 [+ or -] 11.
05) compared to intake in the first and second thermoneutral environment.
To summarize, men have greater sweat losses than women during exercise but additional fluid intake (HV) during 1-h running in a thermoneutral environment reduces body mass loss and thirst sensation.
The ability of pre-pubertal children to regulate their body temperature under thermoneutral environments is similar to that of an adult albeit via differing routes.